Dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement on normalized gyroradius and collisionality in the DIII-D tokamak

C. Chrystal, B. Grierson, W. Solomon, T. Tala, J. deGrassie, C. Petty, A. Salmi, K. Burrell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement time on normalized gyroradius ( ρ*) and collisionality ( ν*) has been measured in the DIII-D tokamak. The intrinsic torque normalized to temperature is found to have ρ* and ν* dependencies of ρ*−1.5±0.8 and ν*0.26±0.04. This dependence on ρ* is unexpectedly favorable (increasing as ρ* decreases). The choice of normalization is important, and the implications are discussed. The unexpected dependence on ρ* is found to be robust, despite some uncertainty in the choice of normalization. The dependence of momentum confinement on ρ* does not clearly demonstrate Bohm or gyro-Bohm like scaling, and a weaker dependence on ν* is found. The calculations required to use these dependencies to determine the intrinsic torque in future tokamaks such as ITER are presented, and the importance of the normalization is explained. Based on the currently available information, the intrinsic torque predicted for ITER is 33 N m, comparable to the expected torque available from neutral beam injection. The expected average intrinsic rotation associated with this intrinsic torque is small compared to current tokamaks, but it may still aid stability and performance in ITER.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number042501
    JournalPhysics of Plasmas
    Volume24
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    torque
    momentum
    beam injection
    neutral beams
    scaling

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    Chrystal, C. ; Grierson, B. ; Solomon, W. ; Tala, T. ; deGrassie, J. ; Petty, C. ; Salmi, A. ; Burrell, K. / Dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement on normalized gyroradius and collisionality in the DIII-D tokamak. In: Physics of Plasmas. 2017 ; Vol. 24, No. 4.
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    title = "Dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement on normalized gyroradius and collisionality in the DIII-D tokamak",
    abstract = "The dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement time on normalized gyroradius ( ρ*) and collisionality ( ν*) has been measured in the DIII-D tokamak. The intrinsic torque normalized to temperature is found to have ρ* and ν* dependencies of ρ*−1.5±0.8 and ν*0.26±0.04. This dependence on ρ* is unexpectedly favorable (increasing as ρ* decreases). The choice of normalization is important, and the implications are discussed. The unexpected dependence on ρ* is found to be robust, despite some uncertainty in the choice of normalization. The dependence of momentum confinement on ρ* does not clearly demonstrate Bohm or gyro-Bohm like scaling, and a weaker dependence on ν* is found. The calculations required to use these dependencies to determine the intrinsic torque in future tokamaks such as ITER are presented, and the importance of the normalization is explained. Based on the currently available information, the intrinsic torque predicted for ITER is 33 N m, comparable to the expected torque available from neutral beam injection. The expected average intrinsic rotation associated with this intrinsic torque is small compared to current tokamaks, but it may still aid stability and performance in ITER.",
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    Dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement on normalized gyroradius and collisionality in the DIII-D tokamak. / Chrystal, C.; Grierson, B.; Solomon, W.; Tala, T.; deGrassie, J.; Petty, C.; Salmi, A.; Burrell, K.

    In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, No. 4, 042501, 2017.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement on normalized gyroradius and collisionality in the DIII-D tokamak

    AU - Chrystal, C.

    AU - Grierson, B.

    AU - Solomon, W.

    AU - Tala, T.

    AU - deGrassie, J.

    AU - Petty, C.

    AU - Salmi, A.

    AU - Burrell, K.

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - The dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement time on normalized gyroradius ( ρ*) and collisionality ( ν*) has been measured in the DIII-D tokamak. The intrinsic torque normalized to temperature is found to have ρ* and ν* dependencies of ρ*−1.5±0.8 and ν*0.26±0.04. This dependence on ρ* is unexpectedly favorable (increasing as ρ* decreases). The choice of normalization is important, and the implications are discussed. The unexpected dependence on ρ* is found to be robust, despite some uncertainty in the choice of normalization. The dependence of momentum confinement on ρ* does not clearly demonstrate Bohm or gyro-Bohm like scaling, and a weaker dependence on ν* is found. The calculations required to use these dependencies to determine the intrinsic torque in future tokamaks such as ITER are presented, and the importance of the normalization is explained. Based on the currently available information, the intrinsic torque predicted for ITER is 33 N m, comparable to the expected torque available from neutral beam injection. The expected average intrinsic rotation associated with this intrinsic torque is small compared to current tokamaks, but it may still aid stability and performance in ITER.

    AB - The dependence of intrinsic torque and momentum confinement time on normalized gyroradius ( ρ*) and collisionality ( ν*) has been measured in the DIII-D tokamak. The intrinsic torque normalized to temperature is found to have ρ* and ν* dependencies of ρ*−1.5±0.8 and ν*0.26±0.04. This dependence on ρ* is unexpectedly favorable (increasing as ρ* decreases). The choice of normalization is important, and the implications are discussed. The unexpected dependence on ρ* is found to be robust, despite some uncertainty in the choice of normalization. The dependence of momentum confinement on ρ* does not clearly demonstrate Bohm or gyro-Bohm like scaling, and a weaker dependence on ν* is found. The calculations required to use these dependencies to determine the intrinsic torque in future tokamaks such as ITER are presented, and the importance of the normalization is explained. Based on the currently available information, the intrinsic torque predicted for ITER is 33 N m, comparable to the expected torque available from neutral beam injection. The expected average intrinsic rotation associated with this intrinsic torque is small compared to current tokamaks, but it may still aid stability and performance in ITER.

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