Deposition of 13C tracer in the JET MkII-HD divertor

Jari Likonen, Antti Hakola, Seppo Koivuranta, Markus Airila, J.P. Coad, A. Widdowson, J. Strachan, M. Rubel, S. Brezinsek, S. Grünhagen, M. Stamp, JET- EFDA contributors

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    14 Citations (Scopus)


    Migration of 13C has been investigated at JET by injecting 13C-labelled methane at the outer divertor base at the end of the 2009 campaign. The 13C deposition profiles on carbon fibre composite divertor tiles were measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry and Rutherford backscattering techniques. 13C was mainly deposited near the puffing location on the outer divertor base tiles. High amounts of 13C were also found at the outer vertical target: at the bottom of the lower and at the top of the upper plates. Thirty-three percent of puffed 13CH4 was instantly pumped out by the divertor cryopump, which is close to the pump duct entrance. Global 13C transport in the torus was modelled by the EDGE2D/EIRENE and DIVIMP codes, and local 13C migration in the vicinity of the injection location by the ERO code. The DIVIMP and EDGE2D simulations show strong prompt deposition of 13C directly adjacent to the injection point as well as in the far scrape-off layer (SOL) along both the inner and outer divertor targets. In addition, the measured 13C deposition along the outer divertor wall tiles is qualitatively reproduced. However, EDGE2D and DIVIMP do not predict any deposition along the divertor surfaces facing the private plasma on the inner floor tile and inboard of the outer strike point on tile 5. The ERO calculations also indicate that most of the deposition occurs close to the injection location on the vertical face of the LBSRP tile and the horizontal part of tile 6
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number014004
    Number of pages8
    JournalPhysica Scripta
    Issue numberT145
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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