Design, development and verification of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument 70 GHz Front-End and Back-End Modules

Jussi Varis, N.J. Hughes, M. Laaninen, V-H. Kilpiä, P. Jukkala, Jussi Tuovinen, S. Ovaska, P. Sjöman, P. Kangaslahti, T. Gaier, R. Hoyland, P. Meinhold, A. Mennella, M. Bersanelli, R.C. Butler, F. Cuttaia, E. Franceschi, R. Leonardi, P. Leutennegger, M. MalaspinaN. Mandolesi, M. Miccolis, T. Poutanen, H. Kurki-Suonio, M. Sandri, L. Stringhetti, L. Terenzi, M. Tomasi, L. Valenziano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

70 GHz radiometer front-end and back-end modules for the Low Frequency Instrument of the European Space Agency's Planck Mission were built and tested. The operating principles and the design details of the mechanical structures are described along with the key InP MMIC low noise amplifiers and phase switches of the units. The units were tested in specially designed cryogenic vacuum chambers capable of producing the operating conditions required for Planck radiometers, specifically, a physical temperature of 20 K for the front-end modules, 300 K for the back-end modules and 4 K for the reference signal sources. Test results of the low noise amplifiers and phase switches, the front and back-end modules, and the combined results of both modules are discussed. At 70 GHz frequency, the system noise temperature of the front and back end is 28 K; the effective bandwidth 16 GHz, and the 1/f spectrum knee frequency is 38 mHz.The test results indicate state-of-the-art performance at 70 GHz frequency and fulfil the Planck performance requirements.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberT12001
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Low noise amplifiers
Radiometers
Low Frequency
modules
Switches
low frequencies
Module
Low Noise Amplifier
Monolithic microwave integrated circuits
Cryogenics
Radiometer
radiometers
low noise
Vacuum
Switch
Bandwidth
switches
Temperature
amplifiers
Effective Bandwidth

Keywords

  • Space instrumentation
  • HEMT amplifiers
  • Microwave radiometers
  • Instruments for CMB observations

Cite this

Varis, Jussi ; Hughes, N.J. ; Laaninen, M. ; Kilpiä, V-H. ; Jukkala, P. ; Tuovinen, Jussi ; Ovaska, S. ; Sjöman, P. ; Kangaslahti, P. ; Gaier, T. ; Hoyland, R. ; Meinhold, P. ; Mennella, A. ; Bersanelli, M. ; Butler, R.C. ; Cuttaia, F. ; Franceschi, E. ; Leonardi, R. ; Leutennegger, P. ; Malaspina, M. ; Mandolesi, N. ; Miccolis, M. ; Poutanen, T. ; Kurki-Suonio, H. ; Sandri, M. ; Stringhetti, L. ; Terenzi, L. ; Tomasi, M. ; Valenziano, L. / Design, development and verification of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument 70 GHz Front-End and Back-End Modules. In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2009 ; Vol. 4.
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abstract = "70 GHz radiometer front-end and back-end modules for the Low Frequency Instrument of the European Space Agency's Planck Mission were built and tested. The operating principles and the design details of the mechanical structures are described along with the key InP MMIC low noise amplifiers and phase switches of the units. The units were tested in specially designed cryogenic vacuum chambers capable of producing the operating conditions required for Planck radiometers, specifically, a physical temperature of 20 K for the front-end modules, 300 K for the back-end modules and 4 K for the reference signal sources. Test results of the low noise amplifiers and phase switches, the front and back-end modules, and the combined results of both modules are discussed. At 70 GHz frequency, the system noise temperature of the front and back end is 28 K; the effective bandwidth 16 GHz, and the 1/f spectrum knee frequency is 38 mHz.The test results indicate state-of-the-art performance at 70 GHz frequency and fulfil the Planck performance requirements.",
keywords = "Space instrumentation, HEMT amplifiers, Microwave radiometers, Instruments for CMB observations",
author = "Jussi Varis and N.J. Hughes and M. Laaninen and V-H. Kilpi{\"a} and P. Jukkala and Jussi Tuovinen and S. Ovaska and P. Sj{\"o}man and P. Kangaslahti and T. Gaier and R. Hoyland and P. Meinhold and A. Mennella and M. Bersanelli and R.C. Butler and F. Cuttaia and E. Franceschi and R. Leonardi and P. Leutennegger and M. Malaspina and N. Mandolesi and M. Miccolis and T. Poutanen and H. Kurki-Suonio and M. Sandri and L. Stringhetti and L. Terenzi and M. Tomasi and L. Valenziano",
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doi = "10.1088/1748-0221/4/12/T12001",
language = "English",
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Varis, J, Hughes, NJ, Laaninen, M, Kilpiä, V-H, Jukkala, P, Tuovinen, J, Ovaska, S, Sjöman, P, Kangaslahti, P, Gaier, T, Hoyland, R, Meinhold, P, Mennella, A, Bersanelli, M, Butler, RC, Cuttaia, F, Franceschi, E, Leonardi, R, Leutennegger, P, Malaspina, M, Mandolesi, N, Miccolis, M, Poutanen, T, Kurki-Suonio, H, Sandri, M, Stringhetti, L, Terenzi, L, Tomasi, M & Valenziano, L 2009, 'Design, development and verification of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument 70 GHz Front-End and Back-End Modules', Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 4, T12001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/4/12/T12001

Design, development and verification of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument 70 GHz Front-End and Back-End Modules. / Varis, Jussi; Hughes, N.J.; Laaninen, M.; Kilpiä, V-H.; Jukkala, P.; Tuovinen, Jussi; Ovaska, S.; Sjöman, P.; Kangaslahti, P.; Gaier, T.; Hoyland, R.; Meinhold, P.; Mennella, A.; Bersanelli, M.; Butler, R.C.; Cuttaia, F.; Franceschi, E.; Leonardi, R.; Leutennegger, P.; Malaspina, M.; Mandolesi, N.; Miccolis, M.; Poutanen, T.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Sandri, M.; Stringhetti, L.; Terenzi, L.; Tomasi, M.; Valenziano, L.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 4, T12001, 2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Design, development and verification of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument 70 GHz Front-End and Back-End Modules

AU - Varis, Jussi

AU - Hughes, N.J.

AU - Laaninen, M.

AU - Kilpiä, V-H.

AU - Jukkala, P.

AU - Tuovinen, Jussi

AU - Ovaska, S.

AU - Sjöman, P.

AU - Kangaslahti, P.

AU - Gaier, T.

AU - Hoyland, R.

AU - Meinhold, P.

AU - Mennella, A.

AU - Bersanelli, M.

AU - Butler, R.C.

AU - Cuttaia, F.

AU - Franceschi, E.

AU - Leonardi, R.

AU - Leutennegger, P.

AU - Malaspina, M.

AU - Mandolesi, N.

AU - Miccolis, M.

AU - Poutanen, T.

AU - Kurki-Suonio, H.

AU - Sandri, M.

AU - Stringhetti, L.

AU - Terenzi, L.

AU - Tomasi, M.

AU - Valenziano, L.

N1 - Project code: 18080

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - 70 GHz radiometer front-end and back-end modules for the Low Frequency Instrument of the European Space Agency's Planck Mission were built and tested. The operating principles and the design details of the mechanical structures are described along with the key InP MMIC low noise amplifiers and phase switches of the units. The units were tested in specially designed cryogenic vacuum chambers capable of producing the operating conditions required for Planck radiometers, specifically, a physical temperature of 20 K for the front-end modules, 300 K for the back-end modules and 4 K for the reference signal sources. Test results of the low noise amplifiers and phase switches, the front and back-end modules, and the combined results of both modules are discussed. At 70 GHz frequency, the system noise temperature of the front and back end is 28 K; the effective bandwidth 16 GHz, and the 1/f spectrum knee frequency is 38 mHz.The test results indicate state-of-the-art performance at 70 GHz frequency and fulfil the Planck performance requirements.

AB - 70 GHz radiometer front-end and back-end modules for the Low Frequency Instrument of the European Space Agency's Planck Mission were built and tested. The operating principles and the design details of the mechanical structures are described along with the key InP MMIC low noise amplifiers and phase switches of the units. The units were tested in specially designed cryogenic vacuum chambers capable of producing the operating conditions required for Planck radiometers, specifically, a physical temperature of 20 K for the front-end modules, 300 K for the back-end modules and 4 K for the reference signal sources. Test results of the low noise amplifiers and phase switches, the front and back-end modules, and the combined results of both modules are discussed. At 70 GHz frequency, the system noise temperature of the front and back end is 28 K; the effective bandwidth 16 GHz, and the 1/f spectrum knee frequency is 38 mHz.The test results indicate state-of-the-art performance at 70 GHz frequency and fulfil the Planck performance requirements.

KW - Space instrumentation

KW - HEMT amplifiers

KW - Microwave radiometers

KW - Instruments for CMB observations

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/4/12/T12001

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/4/12/T12001

M3 - Article

VL - 4

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

M1 - T12001

ER -