Design for end-of-life treatment of work machines

Hannele Tonteri, Saija Vatanen, Markku Kuuva

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

This report was created in the "Environmental technology requirements in the design of vehicles and work machines" project. A variety of equipment and machines are referred to as work machines, but for the purposes of this report, the term work machine will be used in reference to tractors and forest machines, i.e., the products of the companies which participated in this project. The steering group of the project comprised of the following companies: Valtra Inc., Timberjack Oy, Ponsse Oyj, Rautaruukki Group Corporate R & D, M-Filter Oy and Tamglass Safety Glass Ltd. The mass % of metals in the material distribution of work machines is app. 85, the mass % of rubber is app. 10 and the mass % of plastics is app. 5. The main steel qualities used in work machines include unalloyed base and quality steels or high-strength weldable steel. The most common applications include bodies and parts of work machines. Cast iron is used in, for example, cylinder blocks, piston rings, transmission components, gears, sprockets, brake drums or axles and shafts. Rubber can mainly be found in tyres. The majority of plastic parts used are found in the cabin, and the largest plastic parts usually include various types of protectors, casings, containers and fitted carpets. The windows of work machines can also be made of plastic. The methods of recycling unalloyed scrap steel and cast iron already exist and are used relatively widely. In addition to metallurgical requirements, there are also requirements related to piece size for this type of scrap. The coal content of scrap metal does not affect its recycling. Restrictions have been placed on blend component contents. The terms of reception for scrap vary according to the steel factory and foundry. Since 1996, a recycling system for tyre rubber has been in place in Finland. No established custom to recycle plastics is yet in existence. It would be appropriate to establish a national procedure for the recycling and/or recovery of plastics, especially since the use of plastics in work machines appears to be on the increase. In the specification of end-of-life treatment of work machines, close co-operation between the manufacturers of work machines, parts and materials, distributors, consumers, dismantlers and collectors and processors of used materials is required. In order to be able to create and actively maintain such co-operative procedures, companies need to network in a new way. Co-operation between different manufacturers in the field will complement traditional co-operative procedures. To a large extent, recycling procedures may then converge, in which case their practical implementation is best carried out in co-operation with the different manufacturers.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages37
ISBN (Print)951-38-5777-8
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
Number2064
ISSN1235-0605

Fingerprint

Recycling
Plastics
Application programs
Plastic parts
Cast iron
Tires
Steel
Rubber
Safety glass
Scrap metal
Steel scrap
Sprockets
Cylinder blocks
Environmental technology
Industry
Piston rings
Shafts (machine components)
Machine components
Axles
Foundries

Keywords

  • work machines
  • tractors
  • forest machines
  • recycling
  • environmental protection
  • design for recycling
  • design for environment
  • materials
  • end-of-life treatment
  • life cycle assesment

Cite this

Tonteri, H., Vatanen, S., & Kuuva, M. (2000). Design for end-of-life treatment of work machines. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2064
Tonteri, Hannele ; Vatanen, Saija ; Kuuva, Markku. / Design for end-of-life treatment of work machines. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 37 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2064).
@book{1f58942d7fff494a868d8e4cbf5de0a2,
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Tonteri, H, Vatanen, S & Kuuva, M 2000, Design for end-of-life treatment of work machines. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2064, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Design for end-of-life treatment of work machines. / Tonteri, Hannele; Vatanen, Saija; Kuuva, Markku.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 37 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2064).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Design for end-of-life treatment of work machines

AU - Tonteri, Hannele

AU - Vatanen, Saija

AU - Kuuva, Markku

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - This report was created in the "Environmental technology requirements in the design of vehicles and work machines" project. A variety of equipment and machines are referred to as work machines, but for the purposes of this report, the term work machine will be used in reference to tractors and forest machines, i.e., the products of the companies which participated in this project. The steering group of the project comprised of the following companies: Valtra Inc., Timberjack Oy, Ponsse Oyj, Rautaruukki Group Corporate R & D, M-Filter Oy and Tamglass Safety Glass Ltd. The mass % of metals in the material distribution of work machines is app. 85, the mass % of rubber is app. 10 and the mass % of plastics is app. 5. The main steel qualities used in work machines include unalloyed base and quality steels or high-strength weldable steel. The most common applications include bodies and parts of work machines. Cast iron is used in, for example, cylinder blocks, piston rings, transmission components, gears, sprockets, brake drums or axles and shafts. Rubber can mainly be found in tyres. The majority of plastic parts used are found in the cabin, and the largest plastic parts usually include various types of protectors, casings, containers and fitted carpets. The windows of work machines can also be made of plastic. The methods of recycling unalloyed scrap steel and cast iron already exist and are used relatively widely. In addition to metallurgical requirements, there are also requirements related to piece size for this type of scrap. The coal content of scrap metal does not affect its recycling. Restrictions have been placed on blend component contents. The terms of reception for scrap vary according to the steel factory and foundry. Since 1996, a recycling system for tyre rubber has been in place in Finland. No established custom to recycle plastics is yet in existence. It would be appropriate to establish a national procedure for the recycling and/or recovery of plastics, especially since the use of plastics in work machines appears to be on the increase. In the specification of end-of-life treatment of work machines, close co-operation between the manufacturers of work machines, parts and materials, distributors, consumers, dismantlers and collectors and processors of used materials is required. In order to be able to create and actively maintain such co-operative procedures, companies need to network in a new way. Co-operation between different manufacturers in the field will complement traditional co-operative procedures. To a large extent, recycling procedures may then converge, in which case their practical implementation is best carried out in co-operation with the different manufacturers.

AB - This report was created in the "Environmental technology requirements in the design of vehicles and work machines" project. A variety of equipment and machines are referred to as work machines, but for the purposes of this report, the term work machine will be used in reference to tractors and forest machines, i.e., the products of the companies which participated in this project. The steering group of the project comprised of the following companies: Valtra Inc., Timberjack Oy, Ponsse Oyj, Rautaruukki Group Corporate R & D, M-Filter Oy and Tamglass Safety Glass Ltd. The mass % of metals in the material distribution of work machines is app. 85, the mass % of rubber is app. 10 and the mass % of plastics is app. 5. The main steel qualities used in work machines include unalloyed base and quality steels or high-strength weldable steel. The most common applications include bodies and parts of work machines. Cast iron is used in, for example, cylinder blocks, piston rings, transmission components, gears, sprockets, brake drums or axles and shafts. Rubber can mainly be found in tyres. The majority of plastic parts used are found in the cabin, and the largest plastic parts usually include various types of protectors, casings, containers and fitted carpets. The windows of work machines can also be made of plastic. The methods of recycling unalloyed scrap steel and cast iron already exist and are used relatively widely. In addition to metallurgical requirements, there are also requirements related to piece size for this type of scrap. The coal content of scrap metal does not affect its recycling. Restrictions have been placed on blend component contents. The terms of reception for scrap vary according to the steel factory and foundry. Since 1996, a recycling system for tyre rubber has been in place in Finland. No established custom to recycle plastics is yet in existence. It would be appropriate to establish a national procedure for the recycling and/or recovery of plastics, especially since the use of plastics in work machines appears to be on the increase. In the specification of end-of-life treatment of work machines, close co-operation between the manufacturers of work machines, parts and materials, distributors, consumers, dismantlers and collectors and processors of used materials is required. In order to be able to create and actively maintain such co-operative procedures, companies need to network in a new way. Co-operation between different manufacturers in the field will complement traditional co-operative procedures. To a large extent, recycling procedures may then converge, in which case their practical implementation is best carried out in co-operation with the different manufacturers.

KW - work machines

KW - tractors

KW - forest machines

KW - recycling

KW - environmental protection

KW - design for recycling

KW - design for environment

KW - materials

KW - end-of-life treatment

KW - life cycle assesment

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-5777-8

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

BT - Design for end-of-life treatment of work machines

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Tonteri H, Vatanen S, Kuuva M. Design for end-of-life treatment of work machines. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 37 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2064).