Design-Phase Probabilistic Risk Assessment for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

Abstract

This paper briefly presents Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) developed for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility – DEMO Oriented Neutron Energy Source (IFMIF-DONES) at the design-phase of the facility. The IFMIF-DONES facility is used to test the suitability of certain materials for fusion power plant (DEMO plant) conditions. The neutron flux for the irradiation of the materials is produced by directing a deuteron beam through a lithium target. In this process, radioactive tritium and activation products are also produced, and there is a risk for a radioactive release to environment. Based on the safety analyses performed in the design-phase of the facility, the main risks of the facility are that either the deuteron beam damages the structures behind the lithium target or lithium reacts with oxygen. The accident scenarios with potential for significant radioactive releases have been modelled by eight event trees in the PRA model. Failures of safety functions, such as beam shutdown, inerting functions and isolation functions, have been modelled using fault trees. Preliminary quantification of the PRA model has been performed based on component reliability data collected from fusion applications as well as nuclear power plant domain.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNuclear Science and Technology Symposium (SYP) - Proceedings
PublisherFinnish Nuclear Society
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2022
MoE publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
EventNuclear Science and Technology Symposium 2022 - Paasitorni Congress Center, Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 1 Nov 20222 Nov 2022
https://ats-fns.fi/en/syp2022

Conference

ConferenceNuclear Science and Technology Symposium 2022
Abbreviated titleSYP2022
Country/TerritoryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period1/11/222/11/22
Internet address

Keywords

  • probabilistic risk assessment
  • Accelerator
  • IFMIF-DONES
  • lithium fire

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