Detection of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) by displacement of antibodies

Inger Vikholm-Lundin (Corresponding Author), Sanna Auer, Ann-Charlotte Hellgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A molecular layer with low non-specific binding enabling determination of low concentrations of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) by the displacement of antibodies has been developed. Antibody Fab′-fragments at various concentrations have been site-directly immobilised on gold and intercalated with a hydrophilic non-ionic polymer that reduces non-specific binding. Bovine serum albumin conjugated with MDMA and various concentrations of anti-MDMA antibodies were bound to the layer. The amount of conjugates and antibodies bound was dependent on the amount of Fab′-fragments in the layer. Antibodies were also bound to the conjugates physisorbed directly onto the gold surface and in mixtures with the polymer or with a lipoamide. A high displacement of antibodies was observed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) on interaction of MDMA with the different layers in buffer solution. No displacement could, however, be observed in saliva with the pure conjugate layer because of a high non-specific binding of proteins. When the conjugates were coupled to the surface through the antibody Fab-fragment/polymer layer, MDMA concentrations as low as 0.02 ng mL−1 (0.14 nM) could easily be detected in buffer. In diluted saliva the lowest limit of detection was 0.4 ng mL−1 enabling determination of drugs from saliva with a cut-off concentration of 2 ng mL−1. The molecular layer of antibody Fab′-fragments and polymer thus shows great potential for binding conjugates and antibodies that can be displaced on the interaction with very low concentrations of small-sized molecules. A low non-specific binding is guaranteed by the presence of the hydrophilic polymer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume156
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine
antibodies
Antibodies
Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments
Polymers
saliva
fragments
polymers
Gold
low concentrations
Buffers
buffers
gold
Surface plasmon resonance
Bovine Serum Albumin
albumins
surface plasmon resonance
serums
Carrier Proteins
drugs

Keywords

  • immobilisation
  • antibody displacement
  • surface plasmon resonance
  • drugs of abuse
  • MDMA
  • ecstasy

Cite this

Vikholm-Lundin, Inger ; Auer, Sanna ; Hellgren, Ann-Charlotte. / Detection of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) by displacement of antibodies. In: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. 2011 ; Vol. 156, No. 1. pp. 28-34.
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abstract = "A molecular layer with low non-specific binding enabling determination of low concentrations of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) by the displacement of antibodies has been developed. Antibody Fab′-fragments at various concentrations have been site-directly immobilised on gold and intercalated with a hydrophilic non-ionic polymer that reduces non-specific binding. Bovine serum albumin conjugated with MDMA and various concentrations of anti-MDMA antibodies were bound to the layer. The amount of conjugates and antibodies bound was dependent on the amount of Fab′-fragments in the layer. Antibodies were also bound to the conjugates physisorbed directly onto the gold surface and in mixtures with the polymer or with a lipoamide. A high displacement of antibodies was observed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) on interaction of MDMA with the different layers in buffer solution. No displacement could, however, be observed in saliva with the pure conjugate layer because of a high non-specific binding of proteins. When the conjugates were coupled to the surface through the antibody Fab-fragment/polymer layer, MDMA concentrations as low as 0.02 ng mL−1 (0.14 nM) could easily be detected in buffer. In diluted saliva the lowest limit of detection was 0.4 ng mL−1 enabling determination of drugs from saliva with a cut-off concentration of 2 ng mL−1. The molecular layer of antibody Fab′-fragments and polymer thus shows great potential for binding conjugates and antibodies that can be displaced on the interaction with very low concentrations of small-sized molecules. A low non-specific binding is guaranteed by the presence of the hydrophilic polymer.",
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Detection of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) by displacement of antibodies. / Vikholm-Lundin, Inger (Corresponding Author); Auer, Sanna; Hellgren, Ann-Charlotte.

In: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Vol. 156, No. 1, 2011, p. 28-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Detection of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) by displacement of antibodies

AU - Vikholm-Lundin, Inger

AU - Auer, Sanna

AU - Hellgren, Ann-Charlotte

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N2 - A molecular layer with low non-specific binding enabling determination of low concentrations of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) by the displacement of antibodies has been developed. Antibody Fab′-fragments at various concentrations have been site-directly immobilised on gold and intercalated with a hydrophilic non-ionic polymer that reduces non-specific binding. Bovine serum albumin conjugated with MDMA and various concentrations of anti-MDMA antibodies were bound to the layer. The amount of conjugates and antibodies bound was dependent on the amount of Fab′-fragments in the layer. Antibodies were also bound to the conjugates physisorbed directly onto the gold surface and in mixtures with the polymer or with a lipoamide. A high displacement of antibodies was observed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) on interaction of MDMA with the different layers in buffer solution. No displacement could, however, be observed in saliva with the pure conjugate layer because of a high non-specific binding of proteins. When the conjugates were coupled to the surface through the antibody Fab-fragment/polymer layer, MDMA concentrations as low as 0.02 ng mL−1 (0.14 nM) could easily be detected in buffer. In diluted saliva the lowest limit of detection was 0.4 ng mL−1 enabling determination of drugs from saliva with a cut-off concentration of 2 ng mL−1. The molecular layer of antibody Fab′-fragments and polymer thus shows great potential for binding conjugates and antibodies that can be displaced on the interaction with very low concentrations of small-sized molecules. A low non-specific binding is guaranteed by the presence of the hydrophilic polymer.

AB - A molecular layer with low non-specific binding enabling determination of low concentrations of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) by the displacement of antibodies has been developed. Antibody Fab′-fragments at various concentrations have been site-directly immobilised on gold and intercalated with a hydrophilic non-ionic polymer that reduces non-specific binding. Bovine serum albumin conjugated with MDMA and various concentrations of anti-MDMA antibodies were bound to the layer. The amount of conjugates and antibodies bound was dependent on the amount of Fab′-fragments in the layer. Antibodies were also bound to the conjugates physisorbed directly onto the gold surface and in mixtures with the polymer or with a lipoamide. A high displacement of antibodies was observed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) on interaction of MDMA with the different layers in buffer solution. No displacement could, however, be observed in saliva with the pure conjugate layer because of a high non-specific binding of proteins. When the conjugates were coupled to the surface through the antibody Fab-fragment/polymer layer, MDMA concentrations as low as 0.02 ng mL−1 (0.14 nM) could easily be detected in buffer. In diluted saliva the lowest limit of detection was 0.4 ng mL−1 enabling determination of drugs from saliva with a cut-off concentration of 2 ng mL−1. The molecular layer of antibody Fab′-fragments and polymer thus shows great potential for binding conjugates and antibodies that can be displaced on the interaction with very low concentrations of small-sized molecules. A low non-specific binding is guaranteed by the presence of the hydrophilic polymer.

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KW - surface plasmon resonance

KW - drugs of abuse

KW - MDMA

KW - ecstasy

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JO - Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical

JF - Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical

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