Determinants of household energy consumption in India

Tommi Ekholm (Corresponding Author), V. Krey, S. Pachauri, K. Riahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

192 Citations (Scopus)


Improving access to affordable modern energy is critical to improving living standards in the developing world. Rural households in India, in particular, are almost entirely reliant on traditional biomass for their basic cooking energy needs. This has adverse effects on their health and productivity, and also causes environmental degradation. This study presents a new generic modelling approach, with a focus on cooking fuel choices, and explores response strategies for energy poverty eradication in India. The modelling approach analyzes the determinants of fuel consumption choices for heterogeneous household groups, incorporating the effect of income distributions and traditionally more intangible factors such as preferences and private discount rates. The methodology is used to develop alternate future scenarios that explore how different policy mechanisms such as fuel subsidies and micro-financing can enhance the diffusion of modern, more efficient, energy sources in India.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5696-5707
JournalEnergy Policy
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Energy access
  • Household energy consumption
  • India


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