Determination of basic fuel quality standards for biomass-derived pyrolysis liquids

Anja Oasmaa, Steven Gust, R. Mclellan, Dietrich Meier, G. Peacocke

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific


    The uptake of biomass-derived pyrolysis liquids for use in heat and power applications depends on the ease of use and acceptability of the fuel by the end user and equipment providers. As part of an EU-funded ALTENER II contract, one of the aims is to derive standards for biomass derived pyrolysis liquids, based on a consensus between equipment providers (boilers, engines and turbines) and the liquids producers. Five basic properties (homogeneity, water content, solids content, stability, flash point) for the liquids are used as the primary criteria for pyrolysis liquid evaluation. Specific values are proposed to ensure that pyrolysis liquids meet a minimum grade acceptable for use as a fuel oil (''premium'' grade) in boilers and engines. Data on emissions from boilers, engines and turbines are presented. At present, there is not enough long duration data available to allow further more detailed specifications on secondary properties to be made, or define standards for liquids in turbines. The aim is to ensure that a realistic set of specifications are determined to allow the introduction into existing fuel infrastructures and markets, initially perceived as the domestic heating fuel oil markets in Scandinavia.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings
    Subtitle of host publicationPyrolysis and Gasification of Biomass and Waste
    EditorsAnthony V. Bridgwater
    Publication statusPublished - 2003
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    EventThe Future for Pyrolysis and Gasification of Biomass and Waste: Status, Opportunities and Policies for Europe - Strasbourg, France
    Duration: 30 Sept 20021 Oct 2002


    ConferenceThe Future for Pyrolysis and Gasification of Biomass and Waste


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