Determination of dynamic model parameters of smoke detectors

Jouni Björkman (Corresponding Author), Djebar Baroudi, Risto Latva, Maarit Tuomisaari, Matti Kokkala

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple model for the dynamic response of point-type smoke detectors is described. The model is based on two independent parameters: the characteristic length and the static response threshold. Experimentally determined values of the parameters for six commonly used point-type smoke detectors are reported. In the tests the free stream flow velocity was varied in the range of 0.2 0.8 m/s and the rate of rise of smoke density in the range of 0.1 2 dB/ms. The model parameters were determined from the experimental data by using the least squares fitting with regularisation. The characteristic length was found to vary in the range of 2 10 m indicating a smoke entry time constant in the range of 10 50 s at a flow rate of 0.2 m/s typical of smouldering fires. The response of photoelectric detectors was described by the model reasonably well. In the case of ionisation detectors, significant deviations were found. A method of using the model in fire safety engineering calculations is also presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-407
JournalFire Safety Journal
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Keywords

  • fire detection
  • fire detectors
  • fire detection systems
  • fire prevention
  • smoke
  • smoke detectors

Cite this

Björkman, J., Baroudi, D., Latva, R., Tuomisaari, M., & Kokkala, M. (2002). Determination of dynamic model parameters of smoke detectors. Fire Safety Journal, 37(4), 395-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0379-7112(01)00058-3