Determination of formaldehyde emission from building and furnishing materials

Antti Kivistö, Saila Jämsä

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

A chamber method was developed for the determination of the formaldehyde emitted from building and furnishing materials, the formaldehyde emitted from different and with different methods surface treated products was determined with the developed chamber method and comparative formaldehyde determinations using some materials were made in room conditions. A fast test was also developed with which it is possible to state fast whether any formaldehyde is emitted from the products. The modified WKI-flask method suited well for fast detecting of formaldehyde. The chamber test stated the influence of the environmental factors on the amount of formaldehyde emitted from the product and the test conditions of the chamber test were specified. The chamber method was suitable for determination of the formaldehyde emitted from the furnishing materials studied. The comparability of the results of different product groups shall still be verified with additional studies. In the chamber test formaldehyde was emitted from almost all the products studied. The most problematic products with regard to formaldehyde emission proved to be the not surface treated boards manufactured by using aminoplastic as binder and the products surface treated with catalytic lacquer or paint. With the right surface treatment the formaldehyde emissions from particle boards can be considerably reduced. In practice the formaldehyde content of the room air was in wall and floor particle boards 45 - 60 % of the contents obtained in the test chamber. The influence of painting was not as large as in the chamber test due to poorer edge sealing. To improve the usability of the results of the chamber test the test should be developed such that the values were closer to those obtained in practice.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages72
ISBN (Print)951-38-3277-5
Publication statusPublished - 1988
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesValtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports
Number571
ISSN0358-5077

Fingerprint

Formaldehyde
Particle board
Lacquers
Painting
Paint
Binders
Surface treatment
Air

Keywords

  • formaldehyde
  • construction materials
  • furniture

Cite this

Kivistö, A., & Jämsä, S. (1988). Determination of formaldehyde emission from building and furnishing materials. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, No. 571
Kivistö, Antti ; Jämsä, Saila. / Determination of formaldehyde emission from building and furnishing materials. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1988. 72 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 571).
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Kivistö, A & Jämsä, S 1988, Determination of formaldehyde emission from building and furnishing materials. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, no. 571, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Determination of formaldehyde emission from building and furnishing materials. / Kivistö, Antti; Jämsä, Saila.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1988. 72 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 571).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

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T1 - Determination of formaldehyde emission from building and furnishing materials

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AU - Jämsä, Saila

PY - 1988

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N2 - A chamber method was developed for the determination of the formaldehyde emitted from building and furnishing materials, the formaldehyde emitted from different and with different methods surface treated products was determined with the developed chamber method and comparative formaldehyde determinations using some materials were made in room conditions. A fast test was also developed with which it is possible to state fast whether any formaldehyde is emitted from the products. The modified WKI-flask method suited well for fast detecting of formaldehyde. The chamber test stated the influence of the environmental factors on the amount of formaldehyde emitted from the product and the test conditions of the chamber test were specified. The chamber method was suitable for determination of the formaldehyde emitted from the furnishing materials studied. The comparability of the results of different product groups shall still be verified with additional studies. In the chamber test formaldehyde was emitted from almost all the products studied. The most problematic products with regard to formaldehyde emission proved to be the not surface treated boards manufactured by using aminoplastic as binder and the products surface treated with catalytic lacquer or paint. With the right surface treatment the formaldehyde emissions from particle boards can be considerably reduced. In practice the formaldehyde content of the room air was in wall and floor particle boards 45 - 60 % of the contents obtained in the test chamber. The influence of painting was not as large as in the chamber test due to poorer edge sealing. To improve the usability of the results of the chamber test the test should be developed such that the values were closer to those obtained in practice.

AB - A chamber method was developed for the determination of the formaldehyde emitted from building and furnishing materials, the formaldehyde emitted from different and with different methods surface treated products was determined with the developed chamber method and comparative formaldehyde determinations using some materials were made in room conditions. A fast test was also developed with which it is possible to state fast whether any formaldehyde is emitted from the products. The modified WKI-flask method suited well for fast detecting of formaldehyde. The chamber test stated the influence of the environmental factors on the amount of formaldehyde emitted from the product and the test conditions of the chamber test were specified. The chamber method was suitable for determination of the formaldehyde emitted from the furnishing materials studied. The comparability of the results of different product groups shall still be verified with additional studies. In the chamber test formaldehyde was emitted from almost all the products studied. The most problematic products with regard to formaldehyde emission proved to be the not surface treated boards manufactured by using aminoplastic as binder and the products surface treated with catalytic lacquer or paint. With the right surface treatment the formaldehyde emissions from particle boards can be considerably reduced. In practice the formaldehyde content of the room air was in wall and floor particle boards 45 - 60 % of the contents obtained in the test chamber. The influence of painting was not as large as in the chamber test due to poorer edge sealing. To improve the usability of the results of the chamber test the test should be developed such that the values were closer to those obtained in practice.

KW - formaldehyde

KW - construction materials

KW - furniture

M3 - Report

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Kivistö A, Jämsä S. Determination of formaldehyde emission from building and furnishing materials. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1988. 72 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 571).