Determination of phenol in poly(vinyl chloride)

Tapani Suortti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There are strong indications that some poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) plastics may contain phenol. This would be particularly harmful in the case of PVC used as a raw material for toys. An analytical method for determining phenol in PVC was therefore designed. The method is based on dissolving the whole sample in tetrahydrofuran and precipitating PVC by addition of water. After filtration the solution is ready for injection into an HPLC instrument. For quantitative analysis p-cresol is used as internal standard and it is added to the THF solution before precipitation. The method is applicable in the concentration range 5–3000 mg phenol/kg PVC. The detection limit is about 10 mg phenol/kg pVC but may be easily increased ten-fold by gentle removal of tetrahydrofuran from the sample solution and cleaning of the sample with C18 cartridge, which allows the injection of larger volumes and thus improves sensitivity.

The method has been submitted for collaborative study in municipal laboratories in Finland.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-420
JournalJournal of Chromatography
Volume507
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Fingerprint

Vinyl Chloride
Phenol
Polyvinyl Chloride
Play and Playthings
Injections
Finland
Plastics
Limit of Detection
Cleaning
Raw materials
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Water
Chemical analysis

Cite this

Suortti, Tapani. / Determination of phenol in poly(vinyl chloride). In: Journal of Chromatography. 1990 ; Vol. 507. pp. 417-420.
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Determination of phenol in poly(vinyl chloride). / Suortti, Tapani.

In: Journal of Chromatography, Vol. 507, 1990, p. 417-420.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Determination of phenol in poly(vinyl chloride)

AU - Suortti, Tapani

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N2 - There are strong indications that some poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) plastics may contain phenol. This would be particularly harmful in the case of PVC used as a raw material for toys. An analytical method for determining phenol in PVC was therefore designed. The method is based on dissolving the whole sample in tetrahydrofuran and precipitating PVC by addition of water. After filtration the solution is ready for injection into an HPLC instrument. For quantitative analysis p-cresol is used as internal standard and it is added to the THF solution before precipitation. The method is applicable in the concentration range 5–3000 mg phenol/kg PVC. The detection limit is about 10 mg phenol/kg pVC but may be easily increased ten-fold by gentle removal of tetrahydrofuran from the sample solution and cleaning of the sample with C18 cartridge, which allows the injection of larger volumes and thus improves sensitivity.The method has been submitted for collaborative study in municipal laboratories in Finland.

AB - There are strong indications that some poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) plastics may contain phenol. This would be particularly harmful in the case of PVC used as a raw material for toys. An analytical method for determining phenol in PVC was therefore designed. The method is based on dissolving the whole sample in tetrahydrofuran and precipitating PVC by addition of water. After filtration the solution is ready for injection into an HPLC instrument. For quantitative analysis p-cresol is used as internal standard and it is added to the THF solution before precipitation. The method is applicable in the concentration range 5–3000 mg phenol/kg PVC. The detection limit is about 10 mg phenol/kg pVC but may be easily increased ten-fold by gentle removal of tetrahydrofuran from the sample solution and cleaning of the sample with C18 cartridge, which allows the injection of larger volumes and thus improves sensitivity.The method has been submitted for collaborative study in municipal laboratories in Finland.

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