Determination of Temperature and Fuel Utilization Distributions in SOFC Stacks with EIS

Johan Tallgren, Carlos Boigues Muñoz, Jyrki Mikkola, Olli Himanen, Jari Kiviaho

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Efficient operation of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks requires uniform temperature and fuel utilization distributions in the stack. Especially high fuel utilizations necessitate uniform fuel flow dis-tributions to avoid performance decrease or anode reoxidation. A uniform temperature distribution helps to prolong the life-time of the stack. This work presents a method to determine the fuel utili-zation and temperature distribution in SOFC stacks with electro-chemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The equations for relat-ing the measured impedance and fuel utilization and temperature are derived from physical equations describing the SOFC stack. The method is demonstrated with an ElringKlinger AG 10-cell stack fuelled with 50%/50% H2/N2 at nominal operation condi-tions. The difference in temperature and fuel utilization between cells was determined. The calculated distributions are in line with cell voltage measurements. The method can be used to improve SOFC stack design and performance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2141-2150
    JournalECS Transactions
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    Event15th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC XV - Hollywood, United States
    Duration: 23 Jul 201728 Jul 2017


    The NELLHI (grant agreement no. 621227) and INNO-SOFC (grant agreement no. 671403) projects, which have received funding from the European Union’s Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative, are acknowledged. Additionally, the STEP project, funded by the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation TEKES and Projektträger Jülich (Germany), is acknowledged.


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