Determination of the carboxylic acids in acidic and basic process samples by capillary zone electrophoresis

Stella Rovio, Anna Kalliola, Heli Sirén (Corresponding Author), Tarja Tamminen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) with indirect UV detection was used in developing a method for the simultaneous determination of inorganic anions, aliphatic and heterocyclic organic acids in various processed samples. The analytes were determined simultaneously in 10 min using an electrolyte containing 20 mM 2,3-pyrazine dicarboxylic acid, 65 mM tricine, 2 mM BaCl2, 0.5 mM cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, and 2 M urea at pH 8.06. Linear plots for the analytes were obtained in the concentration range of 2–150 mg L−1. Relative standard deviations (RSDs) of peak areas during a 3-day analysis period varied from 5.5% for glycolate to 9.5% for oxalate. RSDs of migration times varied between 0.4% and 1.1%. The detection limit (at S/N 3) was 1 mg L−1 for all the analytes studied. The proposed method was successfully demonstrated for the determination of carboxylic acids in eight oxygen treated samples of commercial softwood and hardwood kraft lignin and two red wine samples of Pinot Noir grapes. In the kraft lignin samples the concentrations of carboxylic acids correspond to the oxidation time. The acid concentrations of wine varied considerable.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1407-1413
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Indirect UV detection
  • Wine
  • Lignin

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