Determination of the responsivity of a predictable quantum efficient detector over a wide spectral range based on a 3D model of charge carrier recombination losses

Trinh Tran (Corresponding Author), Geiland Porrovecchio, Marek Smid, Erkki Ikonen, Timo Dönsberg, Jarle Gran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a method to determine the internal quantum deficiency (IQD) of a predictable quantum efficient detector (PQED) based on measured photocurrent dependence on bias voltage and a 3D simulation model of charge carrier recombination losses. The simulation model of silicon photodiodes includes wafer doping concentration, fixed charge of SiO2 layer, bulk lifetime of charge carriers and surface recombination velocity as the fitted parameters. With only one set of physical photodiode defining parameters, the simulation shows excellent agreement with experimental data at power levels from 100 μW to 1000 μW with variation in illumination beam size. We could also predict the dependence of IQD on bias voltage at the wavelength of 476 nm using photodiode parameters determined independently at 647 nm wavelength. The fitted values of doping concentration and fixed charge extracted from the simulation model are in close agreement with the expected parameter values determined earlier. At bias voltages larger than 5 V at the wavelength of 476 nm, the internal quantum efficiency of one of the tested PQEDs is measured to be 0.999 970 ± 0.000 027, where the relative expanded uncertainty of 0.000 027 is one of the lowest values ever achieved in spectral responsivity measurement of optical detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045012
JournalMetrologia
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • internal quantum deficiency
  • photodetector
  • predictable quantum efficient detector
  • simulation

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