Determination of transition metals in the primary water of pressurized water reactors by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Rolf Rosenberg, Pentti Manninen, Riitta Zilliacus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A method for the determination of the transition metals Fe, Mn, Ni and Co in the primary water of pressurized water reactors (PWRs) is described and applied to the analysis of water at the Loviisa power plants. Samples are collected via the standard sampling line or an isokinetic line. There is no difference in the results obtained. The water is filtered through a 0.45 µm membrane filter under oxygen-free conditions to separate the soluble and insoluble fractions. The transition metals are concentrated and separated from boric acid using cation chromatography. A quantitative yield is obtained and concentration factors of up to 500 are used. The samples are analysed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The detection limits obtained are Fe 2, Mn 0.2, Ni 0.2 and Co 0.02 ng l–1 when a 1 l sample is used.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-717
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Pressurized water reactors
Transition metals
Water
Chromatography
Cations
Power plants
Oxygen
Sampling
Membranes

Cite this

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title = "Determination of transition metals in the primary water of pressurized water reactors by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry",
abstract = "A method for the determination of the transition metals Fe, Mn, Ni and Co in the primary water of pressurized water reactors (PWRs) is described and applied to the analysis of water at the Loviisa power plants. Samples are collected via the standard sampling line or an isokinetic line. There is no difference in the results obtained. The water is filtered through a 0.45 µm membrane filter under oxygen-free conditions to separate the soluble and insoluble fractions. The transition metals are concentrated and separated from boric acid using cation chromatography. A quantitative yield is obtained and concentration factors of up to 500 are used. The samples are analysed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The detection limits obtained are Fe 2, Mn 0.2, Ni 0.2 and Co 0.02 ng l–1 when a 1 l sample is used.",
author = "Rolf Rosenberg and Pentti Manninen and Riitta Zilliacus",
year = "1994",
doi = "10.1039/JA9940900713",
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Determination of transition metals in the primary water of pressurized water reactors by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. / Rosenberg, Rolf; Manninen, Pentti; Zilliacus, Riitta.

In: Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1994, p. 713-717.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determination of transition metals in the primary water of pressurized water reactors by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

AU - Rosenberg, Rolf

AU - Manninen, Pentti

AU - Zilliacus, Riitta

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - A method for the determination of the transition metals Fe, Mn, Ni and Co in the primary water of pressurized water reactors (PWRs) is described and applied to the analysis of water at the Loviisa power plants. Samples are collected via the standard sampling line or an isokinetic line. There is no difference in the results obtained. The water is filtered through a 0.45 µm membrane filter under oxygen-free conditions to separate the soluble and insoluble fractions. The transition metals are concentrated and separated from boric acid using cation chromatography. A quantitative yield is obtained and concentration factors of up to 500 are used. The samples are analysed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The detection limits obtained are Fe 2, Mn 0.2, Ni 0.2 and Co 0.02 ng l–1 when a 1 l sample is used.

AB - A method for the determination of the transition metals Fe, Mn, Ni and Co in the primary water of pressurized water reactors (PWRs) is described and applied to the analysis of water at the Loviisa power plants. Samples are collected via the standard sampling line or an isokinetic line. There is no difference in the results obtained. The water is filtered through a 0.45 µm membrane filter under oxygen-free conditions to separate the soluble and insoluble fractions. The transition metals are concentrated and separated from boric acid using cation chromatography. A quantitative yield is obtained and concentration factors of up to 500 are used. The samples are analysed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The detection limits obtained are Fe 2, Mn 0.2, Ni 0.2 and Co 0.02 ng l–1 when a 1 l sample is used.

U2 - 10.1039/JA9940900713

DO - 10.1039/JA9940900713

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 713

EP - 717

JO - Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry

JF - Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry

SN - 0267-9477

IS - 6

ER -