Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance

B. Pegourie (Corresponding Author), S. Panyotis, P. Languille, C. Martin, T. Dittmar, E. Gauthier, J.-C. Hatchressian, J.-Y. Pascal, P. Roubin, R. Ruffe, E. Tsitrone, S. Vartanian, H. Wang, A. Beaute, J. Bouvet, C. Brosset, J. Bucalossi, M. Cabie, E. Caprin, X. CourtoisR. Dachicourt, E. Delhambre, C. Dominici, D. Douai, A. Ekedahl, J.P. Gunn, Anssi Hakola, W. Jocob, H. Khodja, Jari Likonen, F. Linez, A. Litnovsky, Y. Marandet, S. Markelj, A. Martinez, M. Mayer, O. Meyer, P. Monier-Garbet, P. Moreau, V. Negrier, P. Oddon, C. Pardanaud, B. Pasquet, P. Pelicon, P. Petersson, V. Philipps, G. Possnert, D. Reiter, J. Roth, I. Roure, M. Rubel, F. Saint-Laurent, F. Samaille, P. Vavpetič

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the carbon–deuterium circulation and the resulting balance in Tore Supra over the period 2002–2007. Carbon balance combines the estimation of carbon gross erosion from spectroscopy, net erosion and deposition using confocal microscopy, lock-in thermography and SEM, and a measure of the amount of deposits collected in the vacuum chamber. Fuel retention is determined from post-mortem (PM) analyses and gas balance (GB) measurements. Special attention was paid to the deuterium outgassed during the nights and weekends of the experimental campaign (vessel under vacuum, Plasma Facing Components at 120 °C) and during vents (vessel at atmospheric pressure, PFCs at room temperature). It is shown that this outgassing is the main process reconciling the PM and GB estimations of fuel retention, closing the coupled carbon–deuterium balance. In particular, it explains why the deuterium concentration in deposits decreases with increasing depth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S120-S125
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume438
Issue numberSupplement
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event20th International Conference on Plasma-Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices - Aachen, Aachen, Germany
Duration: 21 May 201225 May 2012

Fingerprint

Deuterium
deuterium
Erosion
Carbon
Deposits
Gases
Vacuum
Confocal microscopy
Vents
carbon
Degassing
Atmospheric pressure
erosion
Spectroscopy
vessels
Plasmas
Scanning electron microscopy
deposits
outgassing
vents

Cite this

Pegourie, B., Panyotis, S., Languille, P., Martin, C., Dittmar, T., Gauthier, E., ... Vavpetič, P. (2013). Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 438(Supplement), S120-S125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019
Pegourie, B. ; Panyotis, S. ; Languille, P. ; Martin, C. ; Dittmar, T. ; Gauthier, E. ; Hatchressian, J.-C. ; Pascal, J.-Y. ; Roubin, P. ; Ruffe, R. ; Tsitrone, E. ; Vartanian, S. ; Wang, H. ; Beaute, A. ; Bouvet, J. ; Brosset, C. ; Bucalossi, J. ; Cabie, M. ; Caprin, E. ; Courtois, X. ; Dachicourt, R. ; Delhambre, E. ; Dominici, C. ; Douai, D. ; Ekedahl, A. ; Gunn, J.P. ; Hakola, Anssi ; Jocob, W. ; Khodja, H. ; Likonen, Jari ; Linez, F. ; Litnovsky, A. ; Marandet, Y. ; Markelj, S. ; Martinez, A. ; Mayer, M. ; Meyer, O. ; Monier-Garbet, P. ; Moreau, P. ; Negrier, V. ; Oddon, P. ; Pardanaud, C. ; Pasquet, B. ; Pelicon, P. ; Petersson, P. ; Philipps, V. ; Possnert, G. ; Reiter, D. ; Roth, J. ; Roure, I. ; Rubel, M. ; Saint-Laurent, F. ; Samaille, F. ; Vavpetič, P. / Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra : Coupled carbon-deuterium balance. In: Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2013 ; Vol. 438, No. Supplement. pp. S120-S125.
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title = "Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance",
abstract = "This paper presents an analysis of the carbon–deuterium circulation and the resulting balance in Tore Supra over the period 2002–2007. Carbon balance combines the estimation of carbon gross erosion from spectroscopy, net erosion and deposition using confocal microscopy, lock-in thermography and SEM, and a measure of the amount of deposits collected in the vacuum chamber. Fuel retention is determined from post-mortem (PM) analyses and gas balance (GB) measurements. Special attention was paid to the deuterium outgassed during the nights and weekends of the experimental campaign (vessel under vacuum, Plasma Facing Components at 120 °C) and during vents (vessel at atmospheric pressure, PFCs at room temperature). It is shown that this outgassing is the main process reconciling the PM and GB estimations of fuel retention, closing the coupled carbon–deuterium balance. In particular, it explains why the deuterium concentration in deposits decreases with increasing depth.",
author = "B. Pegourie and S. Panyotis and P. Languille and C. Martin and T. Dittmar and E. Gauthier and J.-C. Hatchressian and J.-Y. Pascal and P. Roubin and R. Ruffe and E. Tsitrone and S. Vartanian and H. Wang and A. Beaute and J. Bouvet and C. Brosset and J. Bucalossi and M. Cabie and E. Caprin and X. Courtois and R. Dachicourt and E. Delhambre and C. Dominici and D. Douai and A. Ekedahl and J.P. Gunn and Anssi Hakola and W. Jocob and H. Khodja and Jari Likonen and F. Linez and A. Litnovsky and Y. Marandet and S. Markelj and A. Martinez and M. Mayer and O. Meyer and P. Monier-Garbet and P. Moreau and V. Negrier and P. Oddon and C. Pardanaud and B. Pasquet and P. Pelicon and P. Petersson and V. Philipps and G. Possnert and D. Reiter and J. Roth and I. Roure and M. Rubel and F. Saint-Laurent and F. Samaille and P. Vavpetič",
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language = "English",
volume = "438",
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Pegourie, B, Panyotis, S, Languille, P, Martin, C, Dittmar, T, Gauthier, E, Hatchressian, J-C, Pascal, J-Y, Roubin, P, Ruffe, R, Tsitrone, E, Vartanian, S, Wang, H, Beaute, A, Bouvet, J, Brosset, C, Bucalossi, J, Cabie, M, Caprin, E, Courtois, X, Dachicourt, R, Delhambre, E, Dominici, C, Douai, D, Ekedahl, A, Gunn, JP, Hakola, A, Jocob, W, Khodja, H, Likonen, J, Linez, F, Litnovsky, A, Marandet, Y, Markelj, S, Martinez, A, Mayer, M, Meyer, O, Monier-Garbet, P, Moreau, P, Negrier, V, Oddon, P, Pardanaud, C, Pasquet, B, Pelicon, P, Petersson, P, Philipps, V, Possnert, G, Reiter, D, Roth, J, Roure, I, Rubel, M, Saint-Laurent, F, Samaille, F & Vavpetič, P 2013, 'Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance', Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 438, no. Supplement, pp. S120-S125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019

Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra : Coupled carbon-deuterium balance. / Pegourie, B. (Corresponding Author); Panyotis, S.; Languille, P.; Martin, C.; Dittmar, T.; Gauthier, E.; Hatchressian, J.-C.; Pascal, J.-Y.; Roubin, P.; Ruffe, R.; Tsitrone, E.; Vartanian, S.; Wang, H.; Beaute, A.; Bouvet, J.; Brosset, C.; Bucalossi, J.; Cabie, M.; Caprin, E.; Courtois, X.; Dachicourt, R.; Delhambre, E.; Dominici, C.; Douai, D.; Ekedahl, A.; Gunn, J.P.; Hakola, Anssi; Jocob, W.; Khodja, H.; Likonen, Jari; Linez, F.; Litnovsky, A.; Marandet, Y.; Markelj, S.; Martinez, A.; Mayer, M.; Meyer, O.; Monier-Garbet, P.; Moreau, P.; Negrier, V.; Oddon, P.; Pardanaud, C.; Pasquet, B.; Pelicon, P.; Petersson, P.; Philipps, V.; Possnert, G.; Reiter, D.; Roth, J.; Roure, I.; Rubel, M.; Saint-Laurent, F.; Samaille, F.; Vavpetič, P.

In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 438, No. Supplement, 2013, p. S120-S125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra

T2 - Coupled carbon-deuterium balance

AU - Pegourie, B.

AU - Panyotis, S.

AU - Languille, P.

AU - Martin, C.

AU - Dittmar, T.

AU - Gauthier, E.

AU - Hatchressian, J.-C.

AU - Pascal, J.-Y.

AU - Roubin, P.

AU - Ruffe, R.

AU - Tsitrone, E.

AU - Vartanian, S.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Beaute, A.

AU - Bouvet, J.

AU - Brosset, C.

AU - Bucalossi, J.

AU - Cabie, M.

AU - Caprin, E.

AU - Courtois, X.

AU - Dachicourt, R.

AU - Delhambre, E.

AU - Dominici, C.

AU - Douai, D.

AU - Ekedahl, A.

AU - Gunn, J.P.

AU - Hakola, Anssi

AU - Jocob, W.

AU - Khodja, H.

AU - Likonen, Jari

AU - Linez, F.

AU - Litnovsky, A.

AU - Marandet, Y.

AU - Markelj, S.

AU - Martinez, A.

AU - Mayer, M.

AU - Meyer, O.

AU - Monier-Garbet, P.

AU - Moreau, P.

AU - Negrier, V.

AU - Oddon, P.

AU - Pardanaud, C.

AU - Pasquet, B.

AU - Pelicon, P.

AU - Petersson, P.

AU - Philipps, V.

AU - Possnert, G.

AU - Reiter, D.

AU - Roth, J.

AU - Roure, I.

AU - Rubel, M.

AU - Saint-Laurent, F.

AU - Samaille, F.

AU - Vavpetič, P.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This paper presents an analysis of the carbon–deuterium circulation and the resulting balance in Tore Supra over the period 2002–2007. Carbon balance combines the estimation of carbon gross erosion from spectroscopy, net erosion and deposition using confocal microscopy, lock-in thermography and SEM, and a measure of the amount of deposits collected in the vacuum chamber. Fuel retention is determined from post-mortem (PM) analyses and gas balance (GB) measurements. Special attention was paid to the deuterium outgassed during the nights and weekends of the experimental campaign (vessel under vacuum, Plasma Facing Components at 120 °C) and during vents (vessel at atmospheric pressure, PFCs at room temperature). It is shown that this outgassing is the main process reconciling the PM and GB estimations of fuel retention, closing the coupled carbon–deuterium balance. In particular, it explains why the deuterium concentration in deposits decreases with increasing depth.

AB - This paper presents an analysis of the carbon–deuterium circulation and the resulting balance in Tore Supra over the period 2002–2007. Carbon balance combines the estimation of carbon gross erosion from spectroscopy, net erosion and deposition using confocal microscopy, lock-in thermography and SEM, and a measure of the amount of deposits collected in the vacuum chamber. Fuel retention is determined from post-mortem (PM) analyses and gas balance (GB) measurements. Special attention was paid to the deuterium outgassed during the nights and weekends of the experimental campaign (vessel under vacuum, Plasma Facing Components at 120 °C) and during vents (vessel at atmospheric pressure, PFCs at room temperature). It is shown that this outgassing is the main process reconciling the PM and GB estimations of fuel retention, closing the coupled carbon–deuterium balance. In particular, it explains why the deuterium concentration in deposits decreases with increasing depth.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019

DO - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019

M3 - Article

VL - 438

SP - S120-S125

JO - Journal of Nuclear Materials

JF - Journal of Nuclear Materials

SN - 0022-3115

IS - Supplement

ER -

Pegourie B, Panyotis S, Languille P, Martin C, Dittmar T, Gauthier E et al. Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2013;438(Supplement):S120-S125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019