Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance

B. Pegourie (Corresponding Author), S. Panyotis, P. Languille, C. Martin, T. Dittmar, E. Gauthier, J.-C. Hatchressian, J.-Y. Pascal, P. Roubin, R. Ruffe, E. Tsitrone, S. Vartanian, H. Wang, A. Beaute, J. Bouvet, C. Brosset, J. Bucalossi, M. Cabie, E. Caprin, X. CourtoisR. Dachicourt, E. Delhambre, C. Dominici, D. Douai, A. Ekedahl, J.P. Gunn, Anssi Hakola, W. Jocob, H. Khodja, Jari Likonen, F. Linez, A. Litnovsky, Y. Marandet, S. Markelj, A. Martinez, M. Mayer, O. Meyer, P. Monier-Garbet, P. Moreau, V. Negrier, P. Oddon, C. Pardanaud, B. Pasquet, P. Pelicon, P. Petersson, V. Philipps, G. Possnert, D. Reiter, J. Roth, I. Roure, M. Rubel, F. Saint-Laurent, F. Samaille, P. Vavpetič

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper presents an analysis of the carbon–deuterium circulation and the resulting balance in Tore Supra over the period 2002–2007. Carbon balance combines the estimation of carbon gross erosion from spectroscopy, net erosion and deposition using confocal microscopy, lock-in thermography and SEM, and a measure of the amount of deposits collected in the vacuum chamber. Fuel retention is determined from post-mortem (PM) analyses and gas balance (GB) measurements. Special attention was paid to the deuterium outgassed during the nights and weekends of the experimental campaign (vessel under vacuum, Plasma Facing Components at 120 °C) and during vents (vessel at atmospheric pressure, PFCs at room temperature). It is shown that this outgassing is the main process reconciling the PM and GB estimations of fuel retention, closing the coupled carbon–deuterium balance. In particular, it explains why the deuterium concentration in deposits decreases with increasing depth.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)S120-S125
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
    Volume438
    Issue numberSupplement
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    Event20th International Conference on Plasma-Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices - Aachen, Aachen, Germany
    Duration: 21 May 201225 May 2012

    Fingerprint

    Deuterium
    deuterium
    Erosion
    Carbon
    Deposits
    Gases
    Vacuum
    Confocal microscopy
    Vents
    carbon
    Degassing
    Atmospheric pressure
    erosion
    Spectroscopy
    vessels
    Plasmas
    Scanning electron microscopy
    deposits
    outgassing
    vents

    Cite this

    Pegourie, B., Panyotis, S., Languille, P., Martin, C., Dittmar, T., Gauthier, E., ... Vavpetič, P. (2013). Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 438(Supplement), S120-S125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019
    Pegourie, B. ; Panyotis, S. ; Languille, P. ; Martin, C. ; Dittmar, T. ; Gauthier, E. ; Hatchressian, J.-C. ; Pascal, J.-Y. ; Roubin, P. ; Ruffe, R. ; Tsitrone, E. ; Vartanian, S. ; Wang, H. ; Beaute, A. ; Bouvet, J. ; Brosset, C. ; Bucalossi, J. ; Cabie, M. ; Caprin, E. ; Courtois, X. ; Dachicourt, R. ; Delhambre, E. ; Dominici, C. ; Douai, D. ; Ekedahl, A. ; Gunn, J.P. ; Hakola, Anssi ; Jocob, W. ; Khodja, H. ; Likonen, Jari ; Linez, F. ; Litnovsky, A. ; Marandet, Y. ; Markelj, S. ; Martinez, A. ; Mayer, M. ; Meyer, O. ; Monier-Garbet, P. ; Moreau, P. ; Negrier, V. ; Oddon, P. ; Pardanaud, C. ; Pasquet, B. ; Pelicon, P. ; Petersson, P. ; Philipps, V. ; Possnert, G. ; Reiter, D. ; Roth, J. ; Roure, I. ; Rubel, M. ; Saint-Laurent, F. ; Samaille, F. ; Vavpetič, P. / Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra : Coupled carbon-deuterium balance. In: Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2013 ; Vol. 438, No. Supplement. pp. S120-S125.
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    title = "Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance",
    abstract = "This paper presents an analysis of the carbon–deuterium circulation and the resulting balance in Tore Supra over the period 2002–2007. Carbon balance combines the estimation of carbon gross erosion from spectroscopy, net erosion and deposition using confocal microscopy, lock-in thermography and SEM, and a measure of the amount of deposits collected in the vacuum chamber. Fuel retention is determined from post-mortem (PM) analyses and gas balance (GB) measurements. Special attention was paid to the deuterium outgassed during the nights and weekends of the experimental campaign (vessel under vacuum, Plasma Facing Components at 120 °C) and during vents (vessel at atmospheric pressure, PFCs at room temperature). It is shown that this outgassing is the main process reconciling the PM and GB estimations of fuel retention, closing the coupled carbon–deuterium balance. In particular, it explains why the deuterium concentration in deposits decreases with increasing depth.",
    author = "B. Pegourie and S. Panyotis and P. Languille and C. Martin and T. Dittmar and E. Gauthier and J.-C. Hatchressian and J.-Y. Pascal and P. Roubin and R. Ruffe and E. Tsitrone and S. Vartanian and H. Wang and A. Beaute and J. Bouvet and C. Brosset and J. Bucalossi and M. Cabie and E. Caprin and X. Courtois and R. Dachicourt and E. Delhambre and C. Dominici and D. Douai and A. Ekedahl and J.P. Gunn and Anssi Hakola and W. Jocob and H. Khodja and Jari Likonen and F. Linez and A. Litnovsky and Y. Marandet and S. Markelj and A. Martinez and M. Mayer and O. Meyer and P. Monier-Garbet and P. Moreau and V. Negrier and P. Oddon and C. Pardanaud and B. Pasquet and P. Pelicon and P. Petersson and V. Philipps and G. Possnert and D. Reiter and J. Roth and I. Roure and M. Rubel and F. Saint-Laurent and F. Samaille and P. Vavpetič",
    year = "2013",
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    language = "English",
    volume = "438",
    pages = "S120--S125",
    journal = "Journal of Nuclear Materials",
    issn = "0022-3115",
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    Pegourie, B, Panyotis, S, Languille, P, Martin, C, Dittmar, T, Gauthier, E, Hatchressian, J-C, Pascal, J-Y, Roubin, P, Ruffe, R, Tsitrone, E, Vartanian, S, Wang, H, Beaute, A, Bouvet, J, Brosset, C, Bucalossi, J, Cabie, M, Caprin, E, Courtois, X, Dachicourt, R, Delhambre, E, Dominici, C, Douai, D, Ekedahl, A, Gunn, JP, Hakola, A, Jocob, W, Khodja, H, Likonen, J, Linez, F, Litnovsky, A, Marandet, Y, Markelj, S, Martinez, A, Mayer, M, Meyer, O, Monier-Garbet, P, Moreau, P, Negrier, V, Oddon, P, Pardanaud, C, Pasquet, B, Pelicon, P, Petersson, P, Philipps, V, Possnert, G, Reiter, D, Roth, J, Roure, I, Rubel, M, Saint-Laurent, F, Samaille, F & Vavpetič, P 2013, 'Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance', Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 438, no. Supplement, pp. S120-S125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019

    Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra : Coupled carbon-deuterium balance. / Pegourie, B. (Corresponding Author); Panyotis, S.; Languille, P.; Martin, C.; Dittmar, T.; Gauthier, E.; Hatchressian, J.-C.; Pascal, J.-Y.; Roubin, P.; Ruffe, R.; Tsitrone, E.; Vartanian, S.; Wang, H.; Beaute, A.; Bouvet, J.; Brosset, C.; Bucalossi, J.; Cabie, M.; Caprin, E.; Courtois, X.; Dachicourt, R.; Delhambre, E.; Dominici, C.; Douai, D.; Ekedahl, A.; Gunn, J.P.; Hakola, Anssi; Jocob, W.; Khodja, H.; Likonen, Jari; Linez, F.; Litnovsky, A.; Marandet, Y.; Markelj, S.; Martinez, A.; Mayer, M.; Meyer, O.; Monier-Garbet, P.; Moreau, P.; Negrier, V.; Oddon, P.; Pardanaud, C.; Pasquet, B.; Pelicon, P.; Petersson, P.; Philipps, V.; Possnert, G.; Reiter, D.; Roth, J.; Roure, I.; Rubel, M.; Saint-Laurent, F.; Samaille, F.; Vavpetič, P.

    In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 438, No. Supplement, 2013, p. S120-S125.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra

    T2 - Coupled carbon-deuterium balance

    AU - Pegourie, B.

    AU - Panyotis, S.

    AU - Languille, P.

    AU - Martin, C.

    AU - Dittmar, T.

    AU - Gauthier, E.

    AU - Hatchressian, J.-C.

    AU - Pascal, J.-Y.

    AU - Roubin, P.

    AU - Ruffe, R.

    AU - Tsitrone, E.

    AU - Vartanian, S.

    AU - Wang, H.

    AU - Beaute, A.

    AU - Bouvet, J.

    AU - Brosset, C.

    AU - Bucalossi, J.

    AU - Cabie, M.

    AU - Caprin, E.

    AU - Courtois, X.

    AU - Dachicourt, R.

    AU - Delhambre, E.

    AU - Dominici, C.

    AU - Douai, D.

    AU - Ekedahl, A.

    AU - Gunn, J.P.

    AU - Hakola, Anssi

    AU - Jocob, W.

    AU - Khodja, H.

    AU - Likonen, Jari

    AU - Linez, F.

    AU - Litnovsky, A.

    AU - Marandet, Y.

    AU - Markelj, S.

    AU - Martinez, A.

    AU - Mayer, M.

    AU - Meyer, O.

    AU - Monier-Garbet, P.

    AU - Moreau, P.

    AU - Negrier, V.

    AU - Oddon, P.

    AU - Pardanaud, C.

    AU - Pasquet, B.

    AU - Pelicon, P.

    AU - Petersson, P.

    AU - Philipps, V.

    AU - Possnert, G.

    AU - Reiter, D.

    AU - Roth, J.

    AU - Roure, I.

    AU - Rubel, M.

    AU - Saint-Laurent, F.

    AU - Samaille, F.

    AU - Vavpetič, P.

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - This paper presents an analysis of the carbon–deuterium circulation and the resulting balance in Tore Supra over the period 2002–2007. Carbon balance combines the estimation of carbon gross erosion from spectroscopy, net erosion and deposition using confocal microscopy, lock-in thermography and SEM, and a measure of the amount of deposits collected in the vacuum chamber. Fuel retention is determined from post-mortem (PM) analyses and gas balance (GB) measurements. Special attention was paid to the deuterium outgassed during the nights and weekends of the experimental campaign (vessel under vacuum, Plasma Facing Components at 120 °C) and during vents (vessel at atmospheric pressure, PFCs at room temperature). It is shown that this outgassing is the main process reconciling the PM and GB estimations of fuel retention, closing the coupled carbon–deuterium balance. In particular, it explains why the deuterium concentration in deposits decreases with increasing depth.

    AB - This paper presents an analysis of the carbon–deuterium circulation and the resulting balance in Tore Supra over the period 2002–2007. Carbon balance combines the estimation of carbon gross erosion from spectroscopy, net erosion and deposition using confocal microscopy, lock-in thermography and SEM, and a measure of the amount of deposits collected in the vacuum chamber. Fuel retention is determined from post-mortem (PM) analyses and gas balance (GB) measurements. Special attention was paid to the deuterium outgassed during the nights and weekends of the experimental campaign (vessel under vacuum, Plasma Facing Components at 120 °C) and during vents (vessel at atmospheric pressure, PFCs at room temperature). It is shown that this outgassing is the main process reconciling the PM and GB estimations of fuel retention, closing the coupled carbon–deuterium balance. In particular, it explains why the deuterium concentration in deposits decreases with increasing depth.

    U2 - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019

    DO - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019

    M3 - Article

    VL - 438

    SP - S120-S125

    JO - Journal of Nuclear Materials

    JF - Journal of Nuclear Materials

    SN - 0022-3115

    IS - Supplement

    ER -

    Pegourie B, Panyotis S, Languille P, Martin C, Dittmar T, Gauthier E et al. Deuterium inventory in Tore Supra: Coupled carbon-deuterium balance. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2013;438(Supplement):S120-S125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.019