Developing of land- and seaport border checkpoint security

Kaj Helin, Tuuli Järvi, Sirra Toivonen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional


    Illicit material transport and illegal immigration are growing concerns at European borders. Europol assesses that facilitated illegal immigration to the EU is stable or has even increased, and that organised criminal groups are heavily involved in that business [1]. There has also been an increase in recent years in the number of victims traffi cked into the EU.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationScientific activities in Safety & Security 2009
    EditorsVeikko Rouhiainen
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material


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