Development and qualification of an innovative wet electrostatic precipitator in view of gaseous iodine filtration on laboratory-scale

Mélany Gouëllo, Jouni Hokkinen, Teemu Kärkelä, Pekka Rantanen, Ari Auvinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

An innovative method to filter gaseous iodine based on a wet electrostatic precipitator (WESP) was developed and tested. It is characterized by an ozone feed located before the WESP inlet to oxidize gaseous iodine into iodine oxide particles. Tests were carried out with titanium dioxide particles, first, and then with gaseous molecular iodine (I2) and methyl iodide (CH3I). The applied electric voltage between the electrodes, the total flow rate inside the WESP, and the injection of water droplets before the WESP were varied. The filtration efficiency based on the number of particles was calculated from ELPI and CPC measurements at the inlet and the outlet of the WESP. To determine the mass filtration efficiency for iodine, ICP-MS analyses were performed. Once the operation parameters were optimised for the tested conditions, the WESP ensured a mass filtration efficiency of 99.9% and a particle number based filtration efficiency up to 99.9% against molecular iodine. The efficiency for the filtration of methyl iodide was not as high. The filtration efficiency data are presented covering the particle size range of 0.04–2 µm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-21
Number of pages15
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Volume327
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

electrostatic precipitators
Electrostatic precipitators
qualifications
iodine
Iodine
iodide
iodides
inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Ozone
outlets
titanium oxides
Titanium dioxide
Oxides
ozone
droplet
laboratory
electrode
coverings
flow velocity
Particle size

Keywords

  • Iodine
  • Nuclear safety
  • PASSAM
  • Severe accident mitigation systems
  • WESP

Cite this

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title = "Development and qualification of an innovative wet electrostatic precipitator in view of gaseous iodine filtration on laboratory-scale",
abstract = "An innovative method to filter gaseous iodine based on a wet electrostatic precipitator (WESP) was developed and tested. It is characterized by an ozone feed located before the WESP inlet to oxidize gaseous iodine into iodine oxide particles. Tests were carried out with titanium dioxide particles, first, and then with gaseous molecular iodine (I2) and methyl iodide (CH3I). The applied electric voltage between the electrodes, the total flow rate inside the WESP, and the injection of water droplets before the WESP were varied. The filtration efficiency based on the number of particles was calculated from ELPI and CPC measurements at the inlet and the outlet of the WESP. To determine the mass filtration efficiency for iodine, ICP-MS analyses were performed. Once the operation parameters were optimised for the tested conditions, the WESP ensured a mass filtration efficiency of 99.9{\%} and a particle number based filtration efficiency up to 99.9{\%} against molecular iodine. The efficiency for the filtration of methyl iodide was not as high. The filtration efficiency data are presented covering the particle size range of 0.04–2 µm.",
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Development and qualification of an innovative wet electrostatic precipitator in view of gaseous iodine filtration on laboratory-scale. / Gouëllo, Mélany; Hokkinen, Jouni; Kärkelä, Teemu; Rantanen, Pekka; Auvinen, Ari.

In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 327, 01.02.2018, p. 7-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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