Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology: Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI

Otso Cronvall, Ilkka Männistö, Kaisa Simola

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This report summarises the results of a research project on risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) methodology conducted in the Finnish national nuclear energy research programme SAFIR (2003-2006). The purpose of this work was to increase the accuracy of risk estimates used in RI-ISI analyses of nuclear power plant (NPP) piping systems, and to quantitatively evaluate the effects of different piping inspection strategies on risk. Piping failure occurrences were sampled by using probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analyses. The PFM results for crack growth were used to construct transition matrices for a discrete-time Markov process model, which in turn was applied to examine the effects of various inspection strategies on the failure probabilities and risks. The applicability of the developed quantitative risk matrix approach was examined as a pilot study performed to the Shut-down cooling piping system 321 in NPP unit OL1 of Teollisuuden Voima Oy (TVO). The analysed degradation mechanisms were stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and thermal fatigue induced cracking (in the mixing points). Here a new and rather straightforward approach was developed to model thermal fatigue induced cracking, which degradation mechanism is much more difficult to model than SCC. This study further demonstrated the usefulness of Markov analysis procedure development by VTT in RI-ISI applications. The most important results are the quantified comparisons of different inspections strategies. It was shown in this study that Markov models are useful for this purpose, when combined with PFM analyses. While the numerical results could benefit from further considerations of inspection reliability, this does not affect the feasibility of the method itself. The approach can be used to identify an optimal inspection strategy for achieving a balanced risk profile of piping segments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages47
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-6915-1
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-6914-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
    Number2382
    ISSN1235-0605

    Fingerprint

    Inspection
    Testing
    Fracture mechanics
    Thermal fatigue
    Piping systems
    Stress corrosion cracking
    Nuclear power plants
    Degradation
    Nuclear energy
    Markov processes
    Crack propagation
    Cooling

    Keywords

    • RI-ISI
    • risk matrix
    • EPRI procedure
    • degradation mechanism
    • consequence
    • probabilistic fracture mechanics
    • Markov system
    • inspection program
    • detection probability

    Cite this

    Cronvall, O., Männistö, I., & Simola, K. (2007). Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology: Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2382
    Cronvall, Otso ; Männistö, Ilkka ; Simola, Kaisa. / Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology : Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 47 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2382).
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    abstract = "This report summarises the results of a research project on risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) methodology conducted in the Finnish national nuclear energy research programme SAFIR (2003-2006). The purpose of this work was to increase the accuracy of risk estimates used in RI-ISI analyses of nuclear power plant (NPP) piping systems, and to quantitatively evaluate the effects of different piping inspection strategies on risk. Piping failure occurrences were sampled by using probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analyses. The PFM results for crack growth were used to construct transition matrices for a discrete-time Markov process model, which in turn was applied to examine the effects of various inspection strategies on the failure probabilities and risks. The applicability of the developed quantitative risk matrix approach was examined as a pilot study performed to the Shut-down cooling piping system 321 in NPP unit OL1 of Teollisuuden Voima Oy (TVO). The analysed degradation mechanisms were stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and thermal fatigue induced cracking (in the mixing points). Here a new and rather straightforward approach was developed to model thermal fatigue induced cracking, which degradation mechanism is much more difficult to model than SCC. This study further demonstrated the usefulness of Markov analysis procedure development by VTT in RI-ISI applications. The most important results are the quantified comparisons of different inspections strategies. It was shown in this study that Markov models are useful for this purpose, when combined with PFM analyses. While the numerical results could benefit from further considerations of inspection reliability, this does not affect the feasibility of the method itself. The approach can be used to identify an optimal inspection strategy for achieving a balanced risk profile of piping segments.",
    keywords = "RI-ISI, risk matrix, EPRI procedure, degradation mechanism, consequence, probabilistic fracture mechanics, Markov system, inspection program, detection probability",
    author = "Otso Cronvall and Ilkka M{\"a}nnist{\"o} and Kaisa Simola",
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    Cronvall, O, Männistö, I & Simola, K 2007, Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology: Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2382, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology : Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. / Cronvall, Otso; Männistö, Ilkka; Simola, Kaisa.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 47 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2382).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

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    T1 - Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology

    T2 - Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI

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    AU - Männistö, Ilkka

    AU - Simola, Kaisa

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    N2 - This report summarises the results of a research project on risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) methodology conducted in the Finnish national nuclear energy research programme SAFIR (2003-2006). The purpose of this work was to increase the accuracy of risk estimates used in RI-ISI analyses of nuclear power plant (NPP) piping systems, and to quantitatively evaluate the effects of different piping inspection strategies on risk. Piping failure occurrences were sampled by using probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analyses. The PFM results for crack growth were used to construct transition matrices for a discrete-time Markov process model, which in turn was applied to examine the effects of various inspection strategies on the failure probabilities and risks. The applicability of the developed quantitative risk matrix approach was examined as a pilot study performed to the Shut-down cooling piping system 321 in NPP unit OL1 of Teollisuuden Voima Oy (TVO). The analysed degradation mechanisms were stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and thermal fatigue induced cracking (in the mixing points). Here a new and rather straightforward approach was developed to model thermal fatigue induced cracking, which degradation mechanism is much more difficult to model than SCC. This study further demonstrated the usefulness of Markov analysis procedure development by VTT in RI-ISI applications. The most important results are the quantified comparisons of different inspections strategies. It was shown in this study that Markov models are useful for this purpose, when combined with PFM analyses. While the numerical results could benefit from further considerations of inspection reliability, this does not affect the feasibility of the method itself. The approach can be used to identify an optimal inspection strategy for achieving a balanced risk profile of piping segments.

    AB - This report summarises the results of a research project on risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) methodology conducted in the Finnish national nuclear energy research programme SAFIR (2003-2006). The purpose of this work was to increase the accuracy of risk estimates used in RI-ISI analyses of nuclear power plant (NPP) piping systems, and to quantitatively evaluate the effects of different piping inspection strategies on risk. Piping failure occurrences were sampled by using probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analyses. The PFM results for crack growth were used to construct transition matrices for a discrete-time Markov process model, which in turn was applied to examine the effects of various inspection strategies on the failure probabilities and risks. The applicability of the developed quantitative risk matrix approach was examined as a pilot study performed to the Shut-down cooling piping system 321 in NPP unit OL1 of Teollisuuden Voima Oy (TVO). The analysed degradation mechanisms were stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and thermal fatigue induced cracking (in the mixing points). Here a new and rather straightforward approach was developed to model thermal fatigue induced cracking, which degradation mechanism is much more difficult to model than SCC. This study further demonstrated the usefulness of Markov analysis procedure development by VTT in RI-ISI applications. The most important results are the quantified comparisons of different inspections strategies. It was shown in this study that Markov models are useful for this purpose, when combined with PFM analyses. While the numerical results could benefit from further considerations of inspection reliability, this does not affect the feasibility of the method itself. The approach can be used to identify an optimal inspection strategy for achieving a balanced risk profile of piping segments.

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    KW - risk matrix

    KW - EPRI procedure

    KW - degradation mechanism

    KW - consequence

    KW - probabilistic fracture mechanics

    KW - Markov system

    KW - inspection program

    KW - detection probability

    M3 - Report

    SN - 978-951-38-6914-4

    T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

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    ER -

    Cronvall O, Männistö I, Simola K. Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology: Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 47 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2382).