Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology

Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI

Otso Cronvall, Ilkka Männistö, Kaisa Simola

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This report summarises the results of a research project on risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) methodology conducted in the Finnish national nuclear energy research programme SAFIR (2003-2006). The purpose of this work was to increase the accuracy of risk estimates used in RI-ISI analyses of nuclear power plant (NPP) piping systems, and to quantitatively evaluate the effects of different piping inspection strategies on risk. Piping failure occurrences were sampled by using probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analyses. The PFM results for crack growth were used to construct transition matrices for a discrete-time Markov process model, which in turn was applied to examine the effects of various inspection strategies on the failure probabilities and risks. The applicability of the developed quantitative risk matrix approach was examined as a pilot study performed to the Shut-down cooling piping system 321 in NPP unit OL1 of Teollisuuden Voima Oy (TVO). The analysed degradation mechanisms were stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and thermal fatigue induced cracking (in the mixing points). Here a new and rather straightforward approach was developed to model thermal fatigue induced cracking, which degradation mechanism is much more difficult to model than SCC. This study further demonstrated the usefulness of Markov analysis procedure development by VTT in RI-ISI applications. The most important results are the quantified comparisons of different inspections strategies. It was shown in this study that Markov models are useful for this purpose, when combined with PFM analyses. While the numerical results could benefit from further considerations of inspection reliability, this does not affect the feasibility of the method itself. The approach can be used to identify an optimal inspection strategy for achieving a balanced risk profile of piping segments.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages47
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-6915-1
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-6914-4
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
PublisherVTT
No.2382
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

Inspection
Testing
Fracture mechanics
Thermal fatigue
Piping systems
Stress corrosion cracking
Nuclear power plants
Degradation
Nuclear energy
Markov processes
Crack propagation
Cooling

Keywords

  • RI-ISI
  • risk matrix
  • EPRI procedure
  • degradation mechanism
  • consequence
  • probabilistic fracture mechanics
  • Markov system
  • inspection program
  • detection probability

Cite this

Cronvall, O., Männistö, I., & Simola, K. (2007). Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology: Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2382
Cronvall, Otso ; Männistö, Ilkka ; Simola, Kaisa. / Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology : Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 47 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2382).
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Cronvall, O, Männistö, I & Simola, K 2007, Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology: Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2382, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology : Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. / Cronvall, Otso; Männistö, Ilkka; Simola, Kaisa.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 47 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2382).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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AB - This report summarises the results of a research project on risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) methodology conducted in the Finnish national nuclear energy research programme SAFIR (2003-2006). The purpose of this work was to increase the accuracy of risk estimates used in RI-ISI analyses of nuclear power plant (NPP) piping systems, and to quantitatively evaluate the effects of different piping inspection strategies on risk. Piping failure occurrences were sampled by using probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analyses. The PFM results for crack growth were used to construct transition matrices for a discrete-time Markov process model, which in turn was applied to examine the effects of various inspection strategies on the failure probabilities and risks. The applicability of the developed quantitative risk matrix approach was examined as a pilot study performed to the Shut-down cooling piping system 321 in NPP unit OL1 of Teollisuuden Voima Oy (TVO). The analysed degradation mechanisms were stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and thermal fatigue induced cracking (in the mixing points). Here a new and rather straightforward approach was developed to model thermal fatigue induced cracking, which degradation mechanism is much more difficult to model than SCC. This study further demonstrated the usefulness of Markov analysis procedure development by VTT in RI-ISI applications. The most important results are the quantified comparisons of different inspections strategies. It was shown in this study that Markov models are useful for this purpose, when combined with PFM analyses. While the numerical results could benefit from further considerations of inspection reliability, this does not affect the feasibility of the method itself. The approach can be used to identify an optimal inspection strategy for achieving a balanced risk profile of piping segments.

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KW - degradation mechanism

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KW - Markov system

KW - inspection program

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ER -

Cronvall O, Männistö I, Simola K. Development and testing of VTT approach to risk-informed in-service inspection methodology: Final report of SAFIR INTELI INPUT Project RI-ISI. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 47 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2382).