Development of a spectrum method for modelling fatigue due to thermal mixing

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    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Turbulent mixing of cold and hot fluids can lead to high-cycle thermal fatigue in T-junctions. In this work, a spectrum method for the thermal fatigue modelling was further developed. Estimation of the reference frequency, which determines the frequency range of the temperature spectrum, was considered in particular by utilizing flow mixing data from two T-junctions. Fatigue and crack growth obtained with the method were compared with the sinusoidal (SIN) method and with a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) load. The reference frequency was determined by fitting the model spectrum with temperature spectra obtained from measurements and CFD simulations. A formula for the reference frequency was proposed, which can be used in approximating the frequency also for other flow conditions. The SIN method resulted in over-conservatism in the fatigue and crack growth assessment. Results from the spectrum method agreed quite well with those obtained with the CFD load, showing that the method could result in significant improvement over the SIN method
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)136–146
    Number of pages11
    JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • thermal loads
    • turbulent mixing
    • thermal fatigue
    • crack growth


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