Development of durable pervious concrete for Finland's stormwater management needs

Hannele Kuosa, Erika Holt

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Pervious concrete is a viable tool for to mitigating impacts of climate changes in urban environments, through their ability to filter high volumes of stormwater. Research has been done in Finland to develop pervious concrete that is durable for arctic environmental conditions. The new materials combined with subbased design are optimized during design, construction and maintenance, to allow for high filtration to the substrate rather than over-burdening the stormwater collection systems or polluting nearby natural water bodies with urban run-off. The project has conducted laboratory test programs to characterize materials prior to designing concrete recipes that meet Finnish demands and then implemented layer systems where the concrete and subbase layers function for filtration benefits. Performance tests characterize the porous concrete strength, open porosity, microstructure including protective air pores, permeability and freeze-thaw resistance with and without de-icing salt. Several mixes have been prepared and slabs and other specimens have been cast for these studies. The main emphasis has been on ensuring durability for harsh Finnish winter exposure conditions. The results are being used in structural dimensioning tools for stormwater management, combined with computer simulations of future flooding scenarios. Practical guidelines for use of pervious concrete in Finland are being developed for implementation prior to full-scale field demonstrations to be built by municipalities in 2015.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventConcrete Innovation Conference 2014, CIC 2014 - Oslo, Norway
Duration: 11 Jun 201413 Jun 2014

Conference

ConferenceConcrete Innovation Conference 2014, CIC 2014
Abbreviated titleCIC 2014
CountryNorway
CityOslo
Period11/06/1413/06/14

Fingerprint

Concretes
Snow and ice removal
Climate change
Durability
Demonstrations
Porosity
Salts
Microstructure
Computer simulation
Substrates
Air
Water

Keywords

  • permeable
  • pervious
  • pervious concrete
  • stormwater
  • urban
  • green
  • modelling
  • freeze-thaw
  • de-icing salt
  • durability
  • air entrainment

Cite this

Kuosa, H., & Holt, E. (2014). Development of durable pervious concrete for Finland's stormwater management needs. Paper presented at Concrete Innovation Conference 2014, CIC 2014, Oslo, Norway.
Kuosa, Hannele ; Holt, Erika. / Development of durable pervious concrete for Finland's stormwater management needs. Paper presented at Concrete Innovation Conference 2014, CIC 2014, Oslo, Norway.11 p.
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abstract = "Pervious concrete is a viable tool for to mitigating impacts of climate changes in urban environments, through their ability to filter high volumes of stormwater. Research has been done in Finland to develop pervious concrete that is durable for arctic environmental conditions. The new materials combined with subbased design are optimized during design, construction and maintenance, to allow for high filtration to the substrate rather than over-burdening the stormwater collection systems or polluting nearby natural water bodies with urban run-off. The project has conducted laboratory test programs to characterize materials prior to designing concrete recipes that meet Finnish demands and then implemented layer systems where the concrete and subbase layers function for filtration benefits. Performance tests characterize the porous concrete strength, open porosity, microstructure including protective air pores, permeability and freeze-thaw resistance with and without de-icing salt. Several mixes have been prepared and slabs and other specimens have been cast for these studies. The main emphasis has been on ensuring durability for harsh Finnish winter exposure conditions. The results are being used in structural dimensioning tools for stormwater management, combined with computer simulations of future flooding scenarios. Practical guidelines for use of pervious concrete in Finland are being developed for implementation prior to full-scale field demonstrations to be built by municipalities in 2015.",
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Kuosa, H & Holt, E 2014, 'Development of durable pervious concrete for Finland's stormwater management needs' Paper presented at Concrete Innovation Conference 2014, CIC 2014, Oslo, Norway, 11/06/14 - 13/06/14, .

Development of durable pervious concrete for Finland's stormwater management needs. / Kuosa, Hannele; Holt, Erika.

2014. Paper presented at Concrete Innovation Conference 2014, CIC 2014, Oslo, Norway.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Development of durable pervious concrete for Finland's stormwater management needs

AU - Kuosa, Hannele

AU - Holt, Erika

N1 - Project code: 79524

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Pervious concrete is a viable tool for to mitigating impacts of climate changes in urban environments, through their ability to filter high volumes of stormwater. Research has been done in Finland to develop pervious concrete that is durable for arctic environmental conditions. The new materials combined with subbased design are optimized during design, construction and maintenance, to allow for high filtration to the substrate rather than over-burdening the stormwater collection systems or polluting nearby natural water bodies with urban run-off. The project has conducted laboratory test programs to characterize materials prior to designing concrete recipes that meet Finnish demands and then implemented layer systems where the concrete and subbase layers function for filtration benefits. Performance tests characterize the porous concrete strength, open porosity, microstructure including protective air pores, permeability and freeze-thaw resistance with and without de-icing salt. Several mixes have been prepared and slabs and other specimens have been cast for these studies. The main emphasis has been on ensuring durability for harsh Finnish winter exposure conditions. The results are being used in structural dimensioning tools for stormwater management, combined with computer simulations of future flooding scenarios. Practical guidelines for use of pervious concrete in Finland are being developed for implementation prior to full-scale field demonstrations to be built by municipalities in 2015.

AB - Pervious concrete is a viable tool for to mitigating impacts of climate changes in urban environments, through their ability to filter high volumes of stormwater. Research has been done in Finland to develop pervious concrete that is durable for arctic environmental conditions. The new materials combined with subbased design are optimized during design, construction and maintenance, to allow for high filtration to the substrate rather than over-burdening the stormwater collection systems or polluting nearby natural water bodies with urban run-off. The project has conducted laboratory test programs to characterize materials prior to designing concrete recipes that meet Finnish demands and then implemented layer systems where the concrete and subbase layers function for filtration benefits. Performance tests characterize the porous concrete strength, open porosity, microstructure including protective air pores, permeability and freeze-thaw resistance with and without de-icing salt. Several mixes have been prepared and slabs and other specimens have been cast for these studies. The main emphasis has been on ensuring durability for harsh Finnish winter exposure conditions. The results are being used in structural dimensioning tools for stormwater management, combined with computer simulations of future flooding scenarios. Practical guidelines for use of pervious concrete in Finland are being developed for implementation prior to full-scale field demonstrations to be built by municipalities in 2015.

KW - permeable

KW - pervious

KW - pervious concrete

KW - stormwater

KW - urban

KW - green

KW - modelling

KW - freeze-thaw

KW - de-icing salt

KW - durability

KW - air entrainment

M3 - Conference article

ER -

Kuosa H, Holt E. Development of durable pervious concrete for Finland's stormwater management needs. 2014. Paper presented at Concrete Innovation Conference 2014, CIC 2014, Oslo, Norway.