Development of frequency domain multiplexing for the X-ray Integral Field unit (X-IFU) on the Athena

Hiroki Hiroki Akamatsu, Luciano Gottardi, Jan van der Kuur, Cor P. de Vries, Kevin Ravensberg, Joseph S. Adams, Simon R. Bandler, Marcel P. Bruijn, James A. Chervenak, Caroline A. Kilbourne, Mikko Kiviranta, A.J. van der Linden, Brian D. Jackson, Stephen J. Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We are developing the frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) read-out of transition-edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeters for the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU) instrument on board of the future European X-Ray observatory Athena. The X-IFU instrument consists of an array of ~3840 TESs with a high quantum efficiency (>90 %) and spectral resolution ?E=2.5 eV @ 7 keV (E/?E ~2800). FDM is currently the baseline readout system for the X-IFU instrument. Using high quality factor LC filters and room temperature electronics developed at SRON and low-noise two stage SQUID amplifiers provided by VTT, we have recently demonstrated good performance with the FDM readout of Mo/Au TES calorimeters with Au/Bi absorbers. An integrated noise equivalent power resolution of about 2.0 eV at 1.7 MHz has been demonstrated with a pixel from a new TES array from NASA/Goddard (GSFC-A2). We have achieved X-ray energy resolutions ~2.5 eV at AC bias frequency at 1.7 MHz in the single pixel read-out. We have also demonstrated for the first time an X-ray energy resolution around 3.0 eV in a 6 pixel FDM read-out with TES array (GSFC-A1). In this paper we report on the single pixel performance of these microcalorimeters under MHz AC bias, and further results of the performance of these pixels under FDM.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 26 Jun 20161 Jul 2016

Publication series

SeriesProceedings of SPIE
Volume9905
ISSN0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period26/06/161/07/16

Fingerprint

multiplexing
pixels
calorimeters
x rays
sensors
readout
alternating current
spectral resolution
low noise
quantum efficiency
Q factors
absorbers
observatories
amplifiers
filters
energy
room temperature
electronics

Keywords

  • Athena
  • frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) read-out
  • TESs
  • X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU)
  • X-ray microcalorimeter

Cite this

Hiroki Akamatsu, H., Gottardi, L., van der Kuur, J., de Vries, C. P., Ravensberg, K., Adams, J. S., ... Smith, S. J. (2016). Development of frequency domain multiplexing for the X-ray Integral Field unit (X-IFU) on the Athena. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray [99055S] International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 9905 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232805
Hiroki Akamatsu, Hiroki ; Gottardi, Luciano ; van der Kuur, Jan ; de Vries, Cor P. ; Ravensberg, Kevin ; Adams, Joseph S. ; Bandler, Simon R. ; Bruijn, Marcel P. ; Chervenak, James A. ; Kilbourne, Caroline A. ; Kiviranta, Mikko ; van der Linden, A.J. ; Jackson, Brian D. ; Smith, Stephen J. / Development of frequency domain multiplexing for the X-ray Integral Field unit (X-IFU) on the Athena. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).
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title = "Development of frequency domain multiplexing for the X-ray Integral Field unit (X-IFU) on the Athena",
abstract = "We are developing the frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) read-out of transition-edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeters for the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU) instrument on board of the future European X-Ray observatory Athena. The X-IFU instrument consists of an array of ~3840 TESs with a high quantum efficiency (>90 {\%}) and spectral resolution ?E=2.5 eV @ 7 keV (E/?E ~2800). FDM is currently the baseline readout system for the X-IFU instrument. Using high quality factor LC filters and room temperature electronics developed at SRON and low-noise two stage SQUID amplifiers provided by VTT, we have recently demonstrated good performance with the FDM readout of Mo/Au TES calorimeters with Au/Bi absorbers. An integrated noise equivalent power resolution of about 2.0 eV at 1.7 MHz has been demonstrated with a pixel from a new TES array from NASA/Goddard (GSFC-A2). We have achieved X-ray energy resolutions ~2.5 eV at AC bias frequency at 1.7 MHz in the single pixel read-out. We have also demonstrated for the first time an X-ray energy resolution around 3.0 eV in a 6 pixel FDM read-out with TES array (GSFC-A1). In this paper we report on the single pixel performance of these microcalorimeters under MHz AC bias, and further results of the performance of these pixels under FDM.",
keywords = "Athena, frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) read-out, TESs, X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU), X-ray microcalorimeter",
author = "{Hiroki Akamatsu}, Hiroki and Luciano Gottardi and {van der Kuur}, Jan and {de Vries}, {Cor P.} and Kevin Ravensberg and Adams, {Joseph S.} and Bandler, {Simon R.} and Bruijn, {Marcel P.} and Chervenak, {James A.} and Kilbourne, {Caroline A.} and Mikko Kiviranta and {van der Linden}, A.J. and Jackson, {Brian D.} and Smith, {Stephen J.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1117/12.2232805",
language = "English",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE",
publisher = "International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE",
booktitle = "Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray",
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}

Hiroki Akamatsu, H, Gottardi, L, van der Kuur, J, de Vries, CP, Ravensberg, K, Adams, JS, Bandler, SR, Bruijn, MP, Chervenak, JA, Kilbourne, CA, Kiviranta, M, van der Linden, AJ, Jackson, BD & Smith, SJ 2016, Development of frequency domain multiplexing for the X-ray Integral Field unit (X-IFU) on the Athena. in Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray., 99055S, International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9905, SPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 26/06/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232805

Development of frequency domain multiplexing for the X-ray Integral Field unit (X-IFU) on the Athena. / Hiroki Akamatsu, Hiroki; Gottardi, Luciano; van der Kuur, Jan; de Vries, Cor P.; Ravensberg, Kevin; Adams, Joseph S.; Bandler, Simon R.; Bruijn, Marcel P.; Chervenak, James A.; Kilbourne, Caroline A.; Kiviranta, Mikko; van der Linden, A.J.; Jackson, Brian D.; Smith, Stephen J.

Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. 99055S (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Development of frequency domain multiplexing for the X-ray Integral Field unit (X-IFU) on the Athena

AU - Hiroki Akamatsu, Hiroki

AU - Gottardi, Luciano

AU - van der Kuur, Jan

AU - de Vries, Cor P.

AU - Ravensberg, Kevin

AU - Adams, Joseph S.

AU - Bandler, Simon R.

AU - Bruijn, Marcel P.

AU - Chervenak, James A.

AU - Kilbourne, Caroline A.

AU - Kiviranta, Mikko

AU - van der Linden, A.J.

AU - Jackson, Brian D.

AU - Smith, Stephen J.

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N2 - We are developing the frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) read-out of transition-edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeters for the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU) instrument on board of the future European X-Ray observatory Athena. The X-IFU instrument consists of an array of ~3840 TESs with a high quantum efficiency (>90 %) and spectral resolution ?E=2.5 eV @ 7 keV (E/?E ~2800). FDM is currently the baseline readout system for the X-IFU instrument. Using high quality factor LC filters and room temperature electronics developed at SRON and low-noise two stage SQUID amplifiers provided by VTT, we have recently demonstrated good performance with the FDM readout of Mo/Au TES calorimeters with Au/Bi absorbers. An integrated noise equivalent power resolution of about 2.0 eV at 1.7 MHz has been demonstrated with a pixel from a new TES array from NASA/Goddard (GSFC-A2). We have achieved X-ray energy resolutions ~2.5 eV at AC bias frequency at 1.7 MHz in the single pixel read-out. We have also demonstrated for the first time an X-ray energy resolution around 3.0 eV in a 6 pixel FDM read-out with TES array (GSFC-A1). In this paper we report on the single pixel performance of these microcalorimeters under MHz AC bias, and further results of the performance of these pixels under FDM.

AB - We are developing the frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) read-out of transition-edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeters for the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU) instrument on board of the future European X-Ray observatory Athena. The X-IFU instrument consists of an array of ~3840 TESs with a high quantum efficiency (>90 %) and spectral resolution ?E=2.5 eV @ 7 keV (E/?E ~2800). FDM is currently the baseline readout system for the X-IFU instrument. Using high quality factor LC filters and room temperature electronics developed at SRON and low-noise two stage SQUID amplifiers provided by VTT, we have recently demonstrated good performance with the FDM readout of Mo/Au TES calorimeters with Au/Bi absorbers. An integrated noise equivalent power resolution of about 2.0 eV at 1.7 MHz has been demonstrated with a pixel from a new TES array from NASA/Goddard (GSFC-A2). We have achieved X-ray energy resolutions ~2.5 eV at AC bias frequency at 1.7 MHz in the single pixel read-out. We have also demonstrated for the first time an X-ray energy resolution around 3.0 eV in a 6 pixel FDM read-out with TES array (GSFC-A1). In this paper we report on the single pixel performance of these microcalorimeters under MHz AC bias, and further results of the performance of these pixels under FDM.

KW - Athena

KW - frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) read-out

KW - TESs

KW - X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU)

KW - X-ray microcalorimeter

U2 - 10.1117/12.2232805

DO - 10.1117/12.2232805

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

BT - Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray

PB - International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE

ER -

Hiroki Akamatsu H, Gottardi L, van der Kuur J, de Vries CP, Ravensberg K, Adams JS et al. Development of frequency domain multiplexing for the X-ray Integral Field unit (X-IFU) on the Athena. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2016. 99055S. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232805