Development of slow pyrolysis business operations in Finland - Hidaspyro

Leena Fagernäs, Eeva Kuoppala, Vesa Arpiainen, Anja Oasmaa, Heikki Setälä, Marleena Hagner, Kari Tiilikkala, Isa Lindqvist, Bengt Lindqvist

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Abstract

The primary aim of the Hidaspyro project is to support and develop slow pyrolysis business operations of small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition to charcoal, the products include distillates, tar and gases. Birch distillate is a new innovation in biological plant protection. Slow pyrolysis test runs with different retorts have been carried out. The analytical scheme developed for the liquid products proved to be very workable. The distillates could be analysed extensively. The organic content was for distillates 15-30 wt%, and for tars about 80 wt%. Methods to separate tar from distillates were developed resulting in tar free and PAH free distillates, which due to their chemical composition are promising to be utilized. Economic calculations based on the test runs are under way. Based on experimental results and economic assessments, optimal product lines and business concepts will be determined. Potential uses and applications of the liquids as repellents and wood preservatives have been studied. All the liquids tested repelled land snails used as test organisms effectively. Active ingredients of the liquids are being identified based on the observed impacts on snails and field voles. Preliminary results indicated that efficacy of repellents is based on different active ingredients. Storing of the liquids over one year did not reduce the repelling efficacy. The stability of distillates in soils, and the potential leaching of distillates out of the soil are studied in a greenhouse experiment. The REACH pre-registration process was carried out for the enterprises and the work has continued with the SIEF tasks.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioRefine, Yearbook 2010
EditorsTuula Mäkinen, Eija Alakangas, Marjo Kauppi
PublisherTEKES
Pages152-157
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material

Publication series

NameTekes Review
Number276
ISSN (Print)1797-7339

Fingerprint

pyrolysis
tar
liquid
snail
small and medium-sized enterprise
preservative
economics
charcoal
PAH
innovation
soil
chemical composition
leaching
gas
product
experiment
test

Keywords

  • birch
  • slow pyrolysis
  • charcoal
  • liquids
  • pesticides

Cite this

Fagernäs, L., Kuoppala, E., Arpiainen, V., Oasmaa, A., Setälä, H., Hagner, M., ... Lindqvist, B. (2010). Development of slow pyrolysis business operations in Finland - Hidaspyro. In T. Mäkinen, E. Alakangas, & M. Kauppi (Eds.), BioRefine, Yearbook 2010 (pp. 152-157). TEKES. Tekesin katsaus, No. 276
Fagernäs, Leena ; Kuoppala, Eeva ; Arpiainen, Vesa ; Oasmaa, Anja ; Setälä, Heikki ; Hagner, Marleena ; Tiilikkala, Kari ; Lindqvist, Isa ; Lindqvist, Bengt. / Development of slow pyrolysis business operations in Finland - Hidaspyro. BioRefine, Yearbook 2010. editor / Tuula Mäkinen ; Eija Alakangas ; Marjo Kauppi. TEKES, 2010. pp. 152-157 (Tekesin katsaus; No. 276).
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abstract = "The primary aim of the Hidaspyro project is to support and develop slow pyrolysis business operations of small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition to charcoal, the products include distillates, tar and gases. Birch distillate is a new innovation in biological plant protection. Slow pyrolysis test runs with different retorts have been carried out. The analytical scheme developed for the liquid products proved to be very workable. The distillates could be analysed extensively. The organic content was for distillates 15-30 wt{\%}, and for tars about 80 wt{\%}. Methods to separate tar from distillates were developed resulting in tar free and PAH free distillates, which due to their chemical composition are promising to be utilized. Economic calculations based on the test runs are under way. Based on experimental results and economic assessments, optimal product lines and business concepts will be determined. Potential uses and applications of the liquids as repellents and wood preservatives have been studied. All the liquids tested repelled land snails used as test organisms effectively. Active ingredients of the liquids are being identified based on the observed impacts on snails and field voles. Preliminary results indicated that efficacy of repellents is based on different active ingredients. Storing of the liquids over one year did not reduce the repelling efficacy. The stability of distillates in soils, and the potential leaching of distillates out of the soil are studied in a greenhouse experiment. The REACH pre-registration process was carried out for the enterprises and the work has continued with the SIEF tasks.",
keywords = "birch, slow pyrolysis, charcoal, liquids, pesticides",
author = "Leena Fagern{\"a}s and Eeva Kuoppala and Vesa Arpiainen and Anja Oasmaa and Heikki Set{\"a}l{\"a} and Marleena Hagner and Kari Tiilikkala and Isa Lindqvist and Bengt Lindqvist",
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language = "English",
series = "Tekes Review",
publisher = "TEKES",
number = "276",
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Fagernäs, L, Kuoppala, E, Arpiainen, V, Oasmaa, A, Setälä, H, Hagner, M, Tiilikkala, K, Lindqvist, I & Lindqvist, B 2010, Development of slow pyrolysis business operations in Finland - Hidaspyro. in T Mäkinen, E Alakangas & M Kauppi (eds), BioRefine, Yearbook 2010. TEKES, Tekesin katsaus, no. 276, pp. 152-157.

Development of slow pyrolysis business operations in Finland - Hidaspyro. / Fagernäs, Leena; Kuoppala, Eeva; Arpiainen, Vesa; Oasmaa, Anja; Setälä, Heikki; Hagner, Marleena; Tiilikkala, Kari; Lindqvist, Isa; Lindqvist, Bengt.

BioRefine, Yearbook 2010. ed. / Tuula Mäkinen; Eija Alakangas; Marjo Kauppi. TEKES, 2010. p. 152-157 (Tekesin katsaus; No. 276).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

TY - CHAP

T1 - Development of slow pyrolysis business operations in Finland - Hidaspyro

AU - Fagernäs, Leena

AU - Kuoppala, Eeva

AU - Arpiainen, Vesa

AU - Oasmaa, Anja

AU - Setälä, Heikki

AU - Hagner, Marleena

AU - Tiilikkala, Kari

AU - Lindqvist, Isa

AU - Lindqvist, Bengt

N1 - Project: 26448

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The primary aim of the Hidaspyro project is to support and develop slow pyrolysis business operations of small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition to charcoal, the products include distillates, tar and gases. Birch distillate is a new innovation in biological plant protection. Slow pyrolysis test runs with different retorts have been carried out. The analytical scheme developed for the liquid products proved to be very workable. The distillates could be analysed extensively. The organic content was for distillates 15-30 wt%, and for tars about 80 wt%. Methods to separate tar from distillates were developed resulting in tar free and PAH free distillates, which due to their chemical composition are promising to be utilized. Economic calculations based on the test runs are under way. Based on experimental results and economic assessments, optimal product lines and business concepts will be determined. Potential uses and applications of the liquids as repellents and wood preservatives have been studied. All the liquids tested repelled land snails used as test organisms effectively. Active ingredients of the liquids are being identified based on the observed impacts on snails and field voles. Preliminary results indicated that efficacy of repellents is based on different active ingredients. Storing of the liquids over one year did not reduce the repelling efficacy. The stability of distillates in soils, and the potential leaching of distillates out of the soil are studied in a greenhouse experiment. The REACH pre-registration process was carried out for the enterprises and the work has continued with the SIEF tasks.

AB - The primary aim of the Hidaspyro project is to support and develop slow pyrolysis business operations of small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition to charcoal, the products include distillates, tar and gases. Birch distillate is a new innovation in biological plant protection. Slow pyrolysis test runs with different retorts have been carried out. The analytical scheme developed for the liquid products proved to be very workable. The distillates could be analysed extensively. The organic content was for distillates 15-30 wt%, and for tars about 80 wt%. Methods to separate tar from distillates were developed resulting in tar free and PAH free distillates, which due to their chemical composition are promising to be utilized. Economic calculations based on the test runs are under way. Based on experimental results and economic assessments, optimal product lines and business concepts will be determined. Potential uses and applications of the liquids as repellents and wood preservatives have been studied. All the liquids tested repelled land snails used as test organisms effectively. Active ingredients of the liquids are being identified based on the observed impacts on snails and field voles. Preliminary results indicated that efficacy of repellents is based on different active ingredients. Storing of the liquids over one year did not reduce the repelling efficacy. The stability of distillates in soils, and the potential leaching of distillates out of the soil are studied in a greenhouse experiment. The REACH pre-registration process was carried out for the enterprises and the work has continued with the SIEF tasks.

KW - birch

KW - slow pyrolysis

KW - charcoal

KW - liquids

KW - pesticides

M3 - Chapter or book article

T3 - Tekes Review

SP - 152

EP - 157

BT - BioRefine, Yearbook 2010

A2 - Mäkinen, Tuula

A2 - Alakangas, Eija

A2 - Kauppi, Marjo

PB - TEKES

ER -

Fagernäs L, Kuoppala E, Arpiainen V, Oasmaa A, Setälä H, Hagner M et al. Development of slow pyrolysis business operations in Finland - Hidaspyro. In Mäkinen T, Alakangas E, Kauppi M, editors, BioRefine, Yearbook 2010. TEKES. 2010. p. 152-157. (Tekesin katsaus; No. 276).