Development of the superconducting detectors and read-out for the X-IFU instrument on board of the X-ray observatory Athena

L. Gottardi, H. Akamatsu, M. P. Bruijn, R. Den Hartog, J. W. Den Herder, B. Jackson, M. Kiviranta, J. Van Der Kuur, H. Van Weers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Advanced Telescope for High-Energy Astrophysics (Athena) has been selected by ESA as its second large-class mission. The future European X-ray observatory will study the hot and energetic Universe with its launch foreseen in 2028. Microcalorimeters based on superconducting Transition-edge sensor (TES) are the chosen technology for the detectors array of the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU) on board of Athena. The X-IFU is a 2-D imaging integral-field spectrometer operating in the soft X-ray band (0.3-12 keV). The detector consists of an array of 3840 TESs coupled to X-ray absorbers and read out in the MHz bandwidth using Frequency Domain Multiplexing (FDM) based on Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices (SQUIDs). The proposed design calls for devices with a high filling-factor, high quantum efficiency, relatively high count-rate capability and an energy resolution of 2.5 eV at 5.9 keV. The paper will review the basic principle and the physics of the TES-based microcalorimeters and present the state-of-the art of the FDM read-out.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-625
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume824
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Astrophysics
Observatories
Telescopes
observatories
astrophysics
telescopes
Detectors
X rays
detectors
x rays
multiplexing
Multiplexing
calorimeters
energy
SQUIDs
sensors
Sensors
European Space Agency
Quantum efficiency
Spectrometers

Keywords

  • Athena mission
  • Frequency domain multiplexing
  • Transition edge sensor
  • X-IFU

Cite this

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title = "Development of the superconducting detectors and read-out for the X-IFU instrument on board of the X-ray observatory Athena",
abstract = "The Advanced Telescope for High-Energy Astrophysics (Athena) has been selected by ESA as its second large-class mission. The future European X-ray observatory will study the hot and energetic Universe with its launch foreseen in 2028. Microcalorimeters based on superconducting Transition-edge sensor (TES) are the chosen technology for the detectors array of the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU) on board of Athena. The X-IFU is a 2-D imaging integral-field spectrometer operating in the soft X-ray band (0.3-12 keV). The detector consists of an array of 3840 TESs coupled to X-ray absorbers and read out in the MHz bandwidth using Frequency Domain Multiplexing (FDM) based on Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices (SQUIDs). The proposed design calls for devices with a high filling-factor, high quantum efficiency, relatively high count-rate capability and an energy resolution of 2.5 eV at 5.9 keV. The paper will review the basic principle and the physics of the TES-based microcalorimeters and present the state-of-the art of the FDM read-out.",
keywords = "Athena mission, Frequency domain multiplexing, Transition edge sensor, X-IFU",
author = "L. Gottardi and H. Akamatsu and Bruijn, {M. P.} and {Den Hartog}, R. and {Den Herder}, {J. W.} and B. Jackson and M. Kiviranta and {Van Der Kuur}, J. and {Van Weers}, H.",
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Development of the superconducting detectors and read-out for the X-IFU instrument on board of the X-ray observatory Athena. / Gottardi, L.; Akamatsu, H.; Bruijn, M. P.; Den Hartog, R.; Den Herder, J. W.; Jackson, B.; Kiviranta, M.; Van Der Kuur, J.; Van Weers, H.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 824, 11.07.2016, p. 622-625.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Gottardi, L.

AU - Akamatsu, H.

AU - Bruijn, M. P.

AU - Den Hartog, R.

AU - Den Herder, J. W.

AU - Jackson, B.

AU - Kiviranta, M.

AU - Van Der Kuur, J.

AU - Van Weers, H.

PY - 2016/7/11

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N2 - The Advanced Telescope for High-Energy Astrophysics (Athena) has been selected by ESA as its second large-class mission. The future European X-ray observatory will study the hot and energetic Universe with its launch foreseen in 2028. Microcalorimeters based on superconducting Transition-edge sensor (TES) are the chosen technology for the detectors array of the X-ray Integral Field Unit (X-IFU) on board of Athena. The X-IFU is a 2-D imaging integral-field spectrometer operating in the soft X-ray band (0.3-12 keV). The detector consists of an array of 3840 TESs coupled to X-ray absorbers and read out in the MHz bandwidth using Frequency Domain Multiplexing (FDM) based on Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices (SQUIDs). The proposed design calls for devices with a high filling-factor, high quantum efficiency, relatively high count-rate capability and an energy resolution of 2.5 eV at 5.9 keV. The paper will review the basic principle and the physics of the TES-based microcalorimeters and present the state-of-the art of the FDM read-out.

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