Developments in direct thermochemical liquefaction of biomass: 1983 - 1990

David Elliott (Corresponding Author), David Beckman, Anthony Bridgwater, James Diebold, S. Gevert, Yrjö Solantausta

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

    303 Citations (Scopus)


    The review catalogs the process research in direct thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid hydrocarbons fuels. Subject areas include pyrolysis, high-pressure liquefaction, upgrading of both pyrolysates and high-pressure oils, supporting analytical and basic research, and technoeconomic assessments. Much progress is presented for the time period from 1983 to 1990. The pyrolytic processes with lower investment costs and higher yields of more oxygenated oils are moving more quickly forward in development. Further development is still required for the upgrading processes for the production of hydrocarbons from the primary oils. Based on these developments, potential exists for economical production of substitute liquid hydrocarbon fuels and chemicals from biomass.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)399 - 410
    Number of pages12
    JournalEnergy & Fuels
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1991
    MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


    Dive into the research topics of 'Developments in direct thermochemical liquefaction of biomass: 1983 - 1990'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this