Diatomite as a novel composite ingredient for chitosan film with enhanced physicochemical properties

Lalehan Akyuz (Corresponding Author), Murat Kaya, Behlul Koc, Muhammad Mujtaba, Sedef Ilk, Jalel Labidi, Asier M. Salaberria, Yavuz Selim Cakmak, Aysegul Yildiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


Practical applications of biopolymers in different industries are gaining considerable increase day by day. But still, these biopolymers lack important properties in order to meet the industrial demands. In the same regard, in the current study, chitosan composite films are produced by incorporating diatomite soil at two different concentrations. In order to obtain a homogeneous film, glutaraldehyde was supplemented to chitosan solution as a cross-linker. Compositing diatomaceous earth to chitosan film resulted in improvement of various important physicochemical properties compared to control such as; enhanced film wettability, increase elongation at break and improved thermal stability (264–277 °C). The microstructure of the film was observed to haveconsisted of homogeneously distributed blister-shaped structures arised due to the incorporation of diatomite. The incorporation of diatomite did not influence the overall antioxidant activity of the composite films, which can be ascribe to the difficulty radicals formation. Chitosan film incorporated with increasing fraction of diatomite revealed a notable enhancement in the antimicrobial activity. Additionally with the present study, for the first time possible interactions between chitosan/diatomite were determined via quantum chemical calculations. Current study will be helpful in giving a new biotechnological perspective to diatom in terms of its successful application in hydrophobic composite film production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1401-1411
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Issue numberPt 2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Characterization
  • Chitosan
  • Diatom
  • Hydrophobic film


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