Dielectric barrier microdischarges. Mechanism for the charging of cellular piezoelectric polymers

Michael Lindner, Simona Bauer-Gogonea, Siegfried Bauer, Mika Paajanen, Jaakko Raukola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Charged closed-cell polymer foams have been found to be highly sensitive piezoelectric materials. Charging is shown to arise from dielectric barrier microdischarges within the voids of the cellular polymer. Above the threshold voltage for breakdown in the voids, the microdischarges are evidenced by light emission from the polymer, as well as by displacement-voltage hysteresis loops. Monitoring light emission during breakdown is shown to provide a quick check for the suitability of foams for piezoelectric applications. Additionally it allows for the visualization of micropores in foams in a nondestructive way. The piezoelectric response of the foam can be switched by applying dc-voltage pulses of alternating polarity above the breakdown threshold, thereby showing the feasibility of patterning the piezoelectric properties within the film plane. Although piezoelectric foams are nonferroelectric, the experiments prove similarities to ferroelectric materials with respect to hysteresis behavior, as well as a threshold (coercive) field for switching of the polarization and piezoelectricity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5283-5287
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume91
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

foams
charging
polymers
breakdown
light emission
voids
hysteresis
piezoelectricity
thresholds
ferroelectric materials
electric potential
threshold voltage
polarity
polarization
pulses
cells

Keywords

  • piezoelectric materials
  • polymers
  • foams
  • discharges (electric)
  • electric breakdown
  • hysteresis
  • porous materials
  • dielectric polarisation

Cite this

Lindner, Michael ; Bauer-Gogonea, Simona ; Bauer, Siegfried ; Paajanen, Mika ; Raukola, Jaakko. / Dielectric barrier microdischarges. Mechanism for the charging of cellular piezoelectric polymers. In: Journal of Applied Physics. 2002 ; Vol. 91, No. 8. pp. 5283-5287.
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abstract = "Charged closed-cell polymer foams have been found to be highly sensitive piezoelectric materials. Charging is shown to arise from dielectric barrier microdischarges within the voids of the cellular polymer. Above the threshold voltage for breakdown in the voids, the microdischarges are evidenced by light emission from the polymer, as well as by displacement-voltage hysteresis loops. Monitoring light emission during breakdown is shown to provide a quick check for the suitability of foams for piezoelectric applications. Additionally it allows for the visualization of micropores in foams in a nondestructive way. The piezoelectric response of the foam can be switched by applying dc-voltage pulses of alternating polarity above the breakdown threshold, thereby showing the feasibility of patterning the piezoelectric properties within the film plane. Although piezoelectric foams are nonferroelectric, the experiments prove similarities to ferroelectric materials with respect to hysteresis behavior, as well as a threshold (coercive) field for switching of the polarization and piezoelectricity.",
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Dielectric barrier microdischarges. Mechanism for the charging of cellular piezoelectric polymers. / Lindner, Michael; Bauer-Gogonea, Simona; Bauer, Siegfried; Paajanen, Mika; Raukola, Jaakko.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 91, No. 8, 2002, p. 5283-5287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Dielectric barrier microdischarges. Mechanism for the charging of cellular piezoelectric polymers

AU - Lindner, Michael

AU - Bauer-Gogonea, Simona

AU - Bauer, Siegfried

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AU - Raukola, Jaakko

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AB - Charged closed-cell polymer foams have been found to be highly sensitive piezoelectric materials. Charging is shown to arise from dielectric barrier microdischarges within the voids of the cellular polymer. Above the threshold voltage for breakdown in the voids, the microdischarges are evidenced by light emission from the polymer, as well as by displacement-voltage hysteresis loops. Monitoring light emission during breakdown is shown to provide a quick check for the suitability of foams for piezoelectric applications. Additionally it allows for the visualization of micropores in foams in a nondestructive way. The piezoelectric response of the foam can be switched by applying dc-voltage pulses of alternating polarity above the breakdown threshold, thereby showing the feasibility of patterning the piezoelectric properties within the film plane. Although piezoelectric foams are nonferroelectric, the experiments prove similarities to ferroelectric materials with respect to hysteresis behavior, as well as a threshold (coercive) field for switching of the polarization and piezoelectricity.

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KW - foams

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KW - electric breakdown

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KW - porous materials

KW - dielectric polarisation

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