Differentiating the tribological performance of hydrogenated and hydrogen-free DLC coatings

Helena Ronkainen (Corresponding Author), Simo Varjus, Jari Koskinen, Kenneth Holmberg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    149 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings cover a wide range of different types of carbon-based coatings, which generally have properties such as low friction and high wear resistance. DLC films can be divided into two major groups based on their hydrogen content, namely hydrogenated and hydrogen-free carbon coatings. This presentation describes the research work on amorphous hydrogenated carbon films (a-C:H) and hydrogen-free tetrahedral amorphous carbon films (ta-C). These coating types offer low friction performance and good wear resistance, but they also have some dissimilarities in the friction and wear properties due to their different hydrogen content and microstructure.

    The a-C:H films deposited for this study were produced by the rf plasma deposition technique and the ta-C films by the pulsed vacuum arc technique. The tribological performance of the a-C:H and ta-C coatings was evaluated by pin-on-disc tests carried out in normal atmosphere. Selected coatings were also evaluated in dry atmosphere. The wear resistance of the ta-C films was higher compared to the a-C:H films, but the ta-C films caused higher wear of the counterpart. The increase in normal load and sliding velocity decreased the friction coefficient of the a-C:H coating against the steel and alumina counter-face, whereas the ta-C coating showed more stable friction performance. The micro-Raman studies showed clear graphite formation for the a-C:H film, whereas the graphite formation on the ta-C film was not so evident. In dry conditions the ta-C had a high friction coefficient, which could be reduced by doping the film with hydrogen. The results show that the hydrogen content together with graphitisation plays an important role in the friction performance of DLC films.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)260-266
    Number of pages7
    JournalWear
    Volume249
    Issue number3-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    Event9th Nordic Symposium on Tribology: NORDTRIB 2000 - Porvoo, Finland
    Duration: 11 Jun 200014 Jun 2000

    Fingerprint

    Diamond
    Carbon films
    Amorphous carbon
    Amorphous films
    Hydrogen
    Diamonds
    Carbon
    diamonds
    coatings
    Coatings
    carbon
    Friction
    hydrogen
    Wear resistance
    Diamond like carbon films
    Graphite
    friction
    Wear of materials
    wear resistance
    Plasma deposition

    Keywords

    • DLC coatings
    • tribology
    • a-C:H
    • ta-C

    Cite this

    Ronkainen, Helena ; Varjus, Simo ; Koskinen, Jari ; Holmberg, Kenneth. / Differentiating the tribological performance of hydrogenated and hydrogen-free DLC coatings. In: Wear. 2001 ; Vol. 249, No. 3-4. pp. 260-266.
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    Differentiating the tribological performance of hydrogenated and hydrogen-free DLC coatings. / Ronkainen, Helena (Corresponding Author); Varjus, Simo; Koskinen, Jari; Holmberg, Kenneth.

    In: Wear, Vol. 249, No. 3-4, 2001, p. 260-266.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Differentiating the tribological performance of hydrogenated and hydrogen-free DLC coatings

    AU - Ronkainen, Helena

    AU - Varjus, Simo

    AU - Koskinen, Jari

    AU - Holmberg, Kenneth

    PY - 2001

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    N2 - Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings cover a wide range of different types of carbon-based coatings, which generally have properties such as low friction and high wear resistance. DLC films can be divided into two major groups based on their hydrogen content, namely hydrogenated and hydrogen-free carbon coatings. This presentation describes the research work on amorphous hydrogenated carbon films (a-C:H) and hydrogen-free tetrahedral amorphous carbon films (ta-C). These coating types offer low friction performance and good wear resistance, but they also have some dissimilarities in the friction and wear properties due to their different hydrogen content and microstructure.The a-C:H films deposited for this study were produced by the rf plasma deposition technique and the ta-C films by the pulsed vacuum arc technique. The tribological performance of the a-C:H and ta-C coatings was evaluated by pin-on-disc tests carried out in normal atmosphere. Selected coatings were also evaluated in dry atmosphere. The wear resistance of the ta-C films was higher compared to the a-C:H films, but the ta-C films caused higher wear of the counterpart. The increase in normal load and sliding velocity decreased the friction coefficient of the a-C:H coating against the steel and alumina counter-face, whereas the ta-C coating showed more stable friction performance. The micro-Raman studies showed clear graphite formation for the a-C:H film, whereas the graphite formation on the ta-C film was not so evident. In dry conditions the ta-C had a high friction coefficient, which could be reduced by doping the film with hydrogen. The results show that the hydrogen content together with graphitisation plays an important role in the friction performance of DLC films.

    AB - Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings cover a wide range of different types of carbon-based coatings, which generally have properties such as low friction and high wear resistance. DLC films can be divided into two major groups based on their hydrogen content, namely hydrogenated and hydrogen-free carbon coatings. This presentation describes the research work on amorphous hydrogenated carbon films (a-C:H) and hydrogen-free tetrahedral amorphous carbon films (ta-C). These coating types offer low friction performance and good wear resistance, but they also have some dissimilarities in the friction and wear properties due to their different hydrogen content and microstructure.The a-C:H films deposited for this study were produced by the rf plasma deposition technique and the ta-C films by the pulsed vacuum arc technique. The tribological performance of the a-C:H and ta-C coatings was evaluated by pin-on-disc tests carried out in normal atmosphere. Selected coatings were also evaluated in dry atmosphere. The wear resistance of the ta-C films was higher compared to the a-C:H films, but the ta-C films caused higher wear of the counterpart. The increase in normal load and sliding velocity decreased the friction coefficient of the a-C:H coating against the steel and alumina counter-face, whereas the ta-C coating showed more stable friction performance. The micro-Raman studies showed clear graphite formation for the a-C:H film, whereas the graphite formation on the ta-C film was not so evident. In dry conditions the ta-C had a high friction coefficient, which could be reduced by doping the film with hydrogen. The results show that the hydrogen content together with graphitisation plays an important role in the friction performance of DLC films.

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    KW - tribology

    KW - a-C:H

    KW - ta-C

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    DO - 10.1016/S0043-1648(01)00558-0

    M3 - Article

    VL - 249

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    JO - Wear

    JF - Wear

    SN - 0043-1648

    IS - 3-4

    ER -