Dimensional behavior of Ni-YSZ composites during redox cycling

Mikko Pihlatie (Corresponding Author), Andreas Kaiser, P. H. Larsen, Mogens Mogensen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    57 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The dimensional behavior of Ni–yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) cermets during redox cycling was tested in dilatometry within the temperature range 600–1000°C. The effect of humidity on redox stability was investigated at intermediate and low temperatures. We show that both the sintering of nickel depending on temperature of the initial reduction and the operating conditions, and the temperature of reoxidation are very important for the size of the dimensional change. Cumulative redox strain (CRS) is shown to be correlated with temperature. Measured maximum CRS after three redox cycles varies within 0.25–3.2% dL/L in dry gas and respective temperature range of 600–1000°C . A high degree of redox reversibility was reached at low temperature, however, reversibility is lost at elevated temperatures. We found that at 850°C, 6% steam and a very high pH2O/pH2 ratio is detrimental for redox stability, whereas at 600°C no negative effect was observed. Pre-reduction at 1100 instead of 800°C more than doubled redox strain on reoxidation at 800°C. For samples similarly pre-reduced at 1000°C, lowering the reoxidation temperature from 1000 to 750°C or below reduces the redox strain to less than half.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)B322-B329
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
    Volume156
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Composite materials
    Temperature
    Oxidation-Reduction
    Cermets
    Steam
    Nickel
    Zirconia
    Atmospheric humidity
    Sintering
    Gases

    Keywords

    • redox potential
    • redox cycling
    • redox strain
    • Ni-yttria-stabilized zirconia
    • YSZ
    • cermet

    Cite this

    Pihlatie, Mikko ; Kaiser, Andreas ; Larsen, P. H. ; Mogensen, Mogens. / Dimensional behavior of Ni-YSZ composites during redox cycling. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2009 ; Vol. 156, No. 3. pp. B322-B329.
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    abstract = "The dimensional behavior of Ni–yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) cermets during redox cycling was tested in dilatometry within the temperature range 600–1000°C. The effect of humidity on redox stability was investigated at intermediate and low temperatures. We show that both the sintering of nickel depending on temperature of the initial reduction and the operating conditions, and the temperature of reoxidation are very important for the size of the dimensional change. Cumulative redox strain (CRS) is shown to be correlated with temperature. Measured maximum CRS after three redox cycles varies within 0.25–3.2{\%} dL/L in dry gas and respective temperature range of 600–1000°C . A high degree of redox reversibility was reached at low temperature, however, reversibility is lost at elevated temperatures. We found that at 850°C, 6{\%} steam and a very high pH2O/pH2 ratio is detrimental for redox stability, whereas at 600°C no negative effect was observed. Pre-reduction at 1100 instead of 800°C more than doubled redox strain on reoxidation at 800°C. For samples similarly pre-reduced at 1000°C, lowering the reoxidation temperature from 1000 to 750°C or below reduces the redox strain to less than half.",
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    author = "Mikko Pihlatie and Andreas Kaiser and Larsen, {P. H.} and Mogens Mogensen",
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    Dimensional behavior of Ni-YSZ composites during redox cycling. / Pihlatie, Mikko (Corresponding Author); Kaiser, Andreas; Larsen, P. H.; Mogensen, Mogens.

    In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 156, No. 3, 2009, p. B322-B329.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Dimensional behavior of Ni-YSZ composites during redox cycling

    AU - Pihlatie, Mikko

    AU - Kaiser, Andreas

    AU - Larsen, P. H.

    AU - Mogensen, Mogens

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - The dimensional behavior of Ni–yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) cermets during redox cycling was tested in dilatometry within the temperature range 600–1000°C. The effect of humidity on redox stability was investigated at intermediate and low temperatures. We show that both the sintering of nickel depending on temperature of the initial reduction and the operating conditions, and the temperature of reoxidation are very important for the size of the dimensional change. Cumulative redox strain (CRS) is shown to be correlated with temperature. Measured maximum CRS after three redox cycles varies within 0.25–3.2% dL/L in dry gas and respective temperature range of 600–1000°C . A high degree of redox reversibility was reached at low temperature, however, reversibility is lost at elevated temperatures. We found that at 850°C, 6% steam and a very high pH2O/pH2 ratio is detrimental for redox stability, whereas at 600°C no negative effect was observed. Pre-reduction at 1100 instead of 800°C more than doubled redox strain on reoxidation at 800°C. For samples similarly pre-reduced at 1000°C, lowering the reoxidation temperature from 1000 to 750°C or below reduces the redox strain to less than half.

    AB - The dimensional behavior of Ni–yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) cermets during redox cycling was tested in dilatometry within the temperature range 600–1000°C. The effect of humidity on redox stability was investigated at intermediate and low temperatures. We show that both the sintering of nickel depending on temperature of the initial reduction and the operating conditions, and the temperature of reoxidation are very important for the size of the dimensional change. Cumulative redox strain (CRS) is shown to be correlated with temperature. Measured maximum CRS after three redox cycles varies within 0.25–3.2% dL/L in dry gas and respective temperature range of 600–1000°C . A high degree of redox reversibility was reached at low temperature, however, reversibility is lost at elevated temperatures. We found that at 850°C, 6% steam and a very high pH2O/pH2 ratio is detrimental for redox stability, whereas at 600°C no negative effect was observed. Pre-reduction at 1100 instead of 800°C more than doubled redox strain on reoxidation at 800°C. For samples similarly pre-reduced at 1000°C, lowering the reoxidation temperature from 1000 to 750°C or below reduces the redox strain to less than half.

    KW - redox potential

    KW - redox cycling

    KW - redox strain

    KW - Ni-yttria-stabilized zirconia

    KW - YSZ

    KW - cermet

    U2 - 10.1149/1.3046121

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    M3 - Article

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    SP - B322-B329

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