Dimethylammonium iodide stabilized bismuth halide perovskite photocatalyst for hydrogen evolution

He Zhao, Kalyani Chordiya, Petri Leukkunen, Alexey Popov, Mousumi Upadhyay Kahaly, Krisztian Kordas, Satu Ojala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Metal halide perovskites have emerged as novel and promising photocatalysts for hydrogen generation. Currently, their stability in water is a vital and urgent research question. In this paper a novel approach to stabilize a bismuth halide perovskite [(CH3)2NH2]3[BiI6] (DA3BiI6) in water using dimethylammonium iodide (DAI) without the assistance of acids or coatings is reported. The DA3BiI6 powder exhibits good stability in DAI solutions for at least two weeks. The concentration of DAI is found as a critical parameter, where the I- ions play the key role in the stabilization. The stability of DA3BiI6 in water is realized via a surface dissolution–recrystallization process. Stabilized DA3BiI6 demonstrates constant photocatalytic properties for visible light-induced photo-oxidation of I- ions and with PtCl4 as a co-catalyst (Pt-DA3BiI6), photocatalytic H2 evolution with a rate of 5.7 μmol⋅h-1 from HI in DAI solution, obtaining an apparent quantum efficiency of 0.83% at 535 nm. This study provides new insights on the stabilization of metal halide perovskites for photocatalysis in aqueous solution. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1116-1125
JournalNano Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • bismuth halide perovskite
  • dimethylammonium iodide
  • hydrogen evolution
  • photocatalysis


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