Dipyrrolidinyl-substituted perylene diimide as additive for poly(3-hexylthiophene): [6,6]-Phenyl C61 butyric acid methylester bulk-heterojunction blends

P. Vivo (Corresponding Author), R. Dubey, E. Lehtonen, H. Kivistö, Tommi Vuorinen, H. Lemmetyinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of the addition of 1,7-dipyrrolidinyl-substituted perylene diimide (1,7-PyPDI) to a traditional poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):[6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methylester (PCBM) bulk-heterojunction blend on the performance of organic solar cells, are described. When the 1,7-PyPDI amount in the mixture is accurately tuned, the power conversion efficiency (η) of the 1,7-PyPDI-doped cells is enhanced compared to a reference non-doped device. Cells fabricated by spin-coating blends from chloroform solution with P3HT (monomer):PCBM:1,7-PyPDI molar ratio of 6.85:1:0.03 resulted in 39.6% higher power conversion efficiency than P3HT:PCBM blend. The efficiency improvement is attributed to possible photochemical interactions between the three components of the blend, which contribute to enhance the charge separation, and minimize the charge recombination processes. Moreover, the increased absorption and the microstructural implications induced by the introduction of 1,7-PyPDI contribute to explain the enhancement of the solar cell performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-405
Number of pages7
JournalThin Solid Films
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



  • additive
  • bulk-heterojunction
  • dopant
  • organic solar cells
  • perylene diimide

Cite this