Direct alpha spectrometry for analysing leached ThO2 pellets

E. Myllykylä, L. Koivula, M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö, K. Helariutta, T. Lavonen, K. Ollila, M. Siitari-Kauppi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The next generation application of nuclear energy has shown an interest towards ThO2 or mixed oxides fuels. However, more knowledge is needed, for example, on the microstructural and matrix dissolution behaviour of ThO2. The objective of this study was to examine surface properties of thick ThO2 pellets by non-destructive alpha analysis method accompanied with Monte Carlo simulations before and after a leaching experiment. This study has been conducted to investigate the contents, and surface layer thickness of crystalline 232ThO2 pellet leached in aqueous solution with excess of 229Th tracer in the beginning of the experiment. The simulation results have suggested a maximum 0.1 µm concentrated layer of 229Th on the pellet surface. The presence of this layer suppresses further dissolution of the pellet.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)69-76
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
    Volume493
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    pellets
    Spectrometry
    Dissolution
    Mixed oxide fuels
    Nuclear energy
    spectroscopy
    Leaching
    Surface properties
    dissolving
    Experiments
    Crystalline materials
    mixed oxides
    leaching
    nuclear energy
    surface properties
    tracers
    surface layers
    simulation
    aqueous solutions
    oxides

    Cite this

    Myllykylä, E. ; Koivula, L. ; Tanhua-Tyrkkö, M. ; Helariutta, K. ; Lavonen, T. ; Ollila, K. ; Siitari-Kauppi, M. / Direct alpha spectrometry for analysing leached ThO2 pellets. In: Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2017 ; Vol. 493. pp. 69-76.
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    abstract = "The next generation application of nuclear energy has shown an interest towards ThO2 or mixed oxides fuels. However, more knowledge is needed, for example, on the microstructural and matrix dissolution behaviour of ThO2. The objective of this study was to examine surface properties of thick ThO2 pellets by non-destructive alpha analysis method accompanied with Monte Carlo simulations before and after a leaching experiment. This study has been conducted to investigate the contents, and surface layer thickness of crystalline 232ThO2 pellet leached in aqueous solution with excess of 229Th tracer in the beginning of the experiment. The simulation results have suggested a maximum 0.1 µm concentrated layer of 229Th on the pellet surface. The presence of this layer suppresses further dissolution of the pellet.",
    author = "E. Myllykyl{\"a} and L. Koivula and M. Tanhua-Tyrkk{\"o} and K. Helariutta and T. Lavonen and K. Ollila and M. Siitari-Kauppi",
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    Direct alpha spectrometry for analysing leached ThO2 pellets. / Myllykylä, E.; Koivula, L.; Tanhua-Tyrkkö, M.; Helariutta, K.; Lavonen, T.; Ollila, K.; Siitari-Kauppi, M.

    In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 493, 01.09.2017, p. 69-76.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Direct alpha spectrometry for analysing leached ThO2 pellets

    AU - Myllykylä, E.

    AU - Koivula, L.

    AU - Tanhua-Tyrkkö, M.

    AU - Helariutta, K.

    AU - Lavonen, T.

    AU - Ollila, K.

    AU - Siitari-Kauppi, M.

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    AB - The next generation application of nuclear energy has shown an interest towards ThO2 or mixed oxides fuels. However, more knowledge is needed, for example, on the microstructural and matrix dissolution behaviour of ThO2. The objective of this study was to examine surface properties of thick ThO2 pellets by non-destructive alpha analysis method accompanied with Monte Carlo simulations before and after a leaching experiment. This study has been conducted to investigate the contents, and surface layer thickness of crystalline 232ThO2 pellet leached in aqueous solution with excess of 229Th tracer in the beginning of the experiment. The simulation results have suggested a maximum 0.1 µm concentrated layer of 229Th on the pellet surface. The presence of this layer suppresses further dissolution of the pellet.

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