Direct evidence that maltose transport activity is affected by the lipid composition of brewer's yeast

Pedro M. R. Guimaraes, Hannele Virtanen, John Londesborough (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A brewer's yeast strain was grown with maltose as sole carbon source under strictly anaerobic conditions with and without ergosterol and/or unsaturated fatty acid (Tween 80) supplements. Under all these conditions the MALx1 genes for maltose transporters were strongly expressed during growth. The fatty acid unsaturation indices of growing and stationary phase yeast were increased from about 20% to 56–69% by supplementation with Tween 80. Ergosterol contents were increased up to at least 4‐fold by supplementation with ergosterol and Tween 80. Maltose transport activity measured at 20°C was not increased by supplementation with Tween 80 alone, but was increased 2‐fold and 3‐fold, respectively, in growing and stationary phase yeast by supplementation with ergosterol together with Tween 80. The stimulation of maltose transport by ergosterol was greater when the transport was measured at temperatures (10°C and 0°C) lower than 20°C. The results show that proper function of maltose transporters requires adequate amounts of ergosterol in the yeast. This effect may partly explain the low maltose (and maltotriose) uptake rates both in the second half of brewery fermentations, when the sterol content of yeast has fallen, and when fresh wort is pitched with sterol‐deficient cropped yeast.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-209
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Institute of Brewing
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

maltotriose
Ergosterol
brewers yeast
ergosterol
lipid composition
Polysorbates
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Lipids
Yeasts
yeasts
transporters
wort (brewing)
brewing industry
Maltose
Sterols
maltose
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
unsaturated fatty acids
anaerobic conditions
sterols

Keywords

  • cropped yeast
  • ergosterol
  • lipid composition
  • maltose transport
  • temperature effects
  • unsaturated fatty acids

Cite this

Guimaraes, Pedro M. R. ; Virtanen, Hannele ; Londesborough, John. / Direct evidence that maltose transport activity is affected by the lipid composition of brewer's yeast. In: Journal of the Institute of Brewing. 2006 ; Vol. 112, No. 3. pp. 203-209.
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abstract = "A brewer's yeast strain was grown with maltose as sole carbon source under strictly anaerobic conditions with and without ergosterol and/or unsaturated fatty acid (Tween 80) supplements. Under all these conditions the MALx1 genes for maltose transporters were strongly expressed during growth. The fatty acid unsaturation indices of growing and stationary phase yeast were increased from about 20{\%} to 56–69{\%} by supplementation with Tween 80. Ergosterol contents were increased up to at least 4‐fold by supplementation with ergosterol and Tween 80. Maltose transport activity measured at 20°C was not increased by supplementation with Tween 80 alone, but was increased 2‐fold and 3‐fold, respectively, in growing and stationary phase yeast by supplementation with ergosterol together with Tween 80. The stimulation of maltose transport by ergosterol was greater when the transport was measured at temperatures (10°C and 0°C) lower than 20°C. The results show that proper function of maltose transporters requires adequate amounts of ergosterol in the yeast. This effect may partly explain the low maltose (and maltotriose) uptake rates both in the second half of brewery fermentations, when the sterol content of yeast has fallen, and when fresh wort is pitched with sterol‐deficient cropped yeast.",
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Direct evidence that maltose transport activity is affected by the lipid composition of brewer's yeast. / Guimaraes, Pedro M. R.; Virtanen, Hannele; Londesborough, John (Corresponding Author).

In: Journal of the Institute of Brewing, Vol. 112, No. 3, 2006, p. 203-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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N2 - A brewer's yeast strain was grown with maltose as sole carbon source under strictly anaerobic conditions with and without ergosterol and/or unsaturated fatty acid (Tween 80) supplements. Under all these conditions the MALx1 genes for maltose transporters were strongly expressed during growth. The fatty acid unsaturation indices of growing and stationary phase yeast were increased from about 20% to 56–69% by supplementation with Tween 80. Ergosterol contents were increased up to at least 4‐fold by supplementation with ergosterol and Tween 80. Maltose transport activity measured at 20°C was not increased by supplementation with Tween 80 alone, but was increased 2‐fold and 3‐fold, respectively, in growing and stationary phase yeast by supplementation with ergosterol together with Tween 80. The stimulation of maltose transport by ergosterol was greater when the transport was measured at temperatures (10°C and 0°C) lower than 20°C. The results show that proper function of maltose transporters requires adequate amounts of ergosterol in the yeast. This effect may partly explain the low maltose (and maltotriose) uptake rates both in the second half of brewery fermentations, when the sterol content of yeast has fallen, and when fresh wort is pitched with sterol‐deficient cropped yeast.

AB - A brewer's yeast strain was grown with maltose as sole carbon source under strictly anaerobic conditions with and without ergosterol and/or unsaturated fatty acid (Tween 80) supplements. Under all these conditions the MALx1 genes for maltose transporters were strongly expressed during growth. The fatty acid unsaturation indices of growing and stationary phase yeast were increased from about 20% to 56–69% by supplementation with Tween 80. Ergosterol contents were increased up to at least 4‐fold by supplementation with ergosterol and Tween 80. Maltose transport activity measured at 20°C was not increased by supplementation with Tween 80 alone, but was increased 2‐fold and 3‐fold, respectively, in growing and stationary phase yeast by supplementation with ergosterol together with Tween 80. The stimulation of maltose transport by ergosterol was greater when the transport was measured at temperatures (10°C and 0°C) lower than 20°C. The results show that proper function of maltose transporters requires adequate amounts of ergosterol in the yeast. This effect may partly explain the low maltose (and maltotriose) uptake rates both in the second half of brewery fermentations, when the sterol content of yeast has fallen, and when fresh wort is pitched with sterol‐deficient cropped yeast.

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