Direct Interfacial Modification of Nanocellulose Films for Thermoresponsive Membrane Templates

Minna Hakalahti, Andreas Mautner, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Tuomas Hänninen, Harri Setälä, Eero Kontturi, Alexander Bismarck, Tekla Tammelin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    43 Citations (Scopus)


    This letter proposes a strategy to construct tunable films combining the physical characteristics of cellulose nanofibrils and smart polymers for membrane applications. A functional membrane template was obtained by first fabricating a water stable film from cellulose nanofibrils and subsequently surface grafting it with a thermoresponsive polymer, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide). The behavior of the membrane template was dependent on temperature. The slope of relative water permeance around the lower critical solution temperature of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) increased from 18 % to 100 % upon polymer attachment. While the membrane template essentially consisted of wood-based materials, the benefits of smart synthetic polymers were achieved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2923-2927
    JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • cellulose nanofibrils
    • films
    • thermoresponsive polymers
    • surface modification
    • membranes
    • poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)


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