Displacement sensor for a gravitational redshift experiment with 67Zn Mössbauer resonance

Erkki Ikonen, Heikki Seppä, Walter Potzel, Christopher Schäfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A displacement sensor was constructed to monitor the motion of a piezoelectric Doppler velocity transducer in a gravitational redshift experiment with 67Zn Mössbauer resonance. The sensor uses a dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) to detect small displacements of a permanent magnet. To meet the stringent requirements of the redshift experiment, the magnetic flux gradient and the pickup coil of the sensor are designed in such a way that the SQUID flux noise of 7 × 10−6 Φ0/√Hz corresponds to a displacement resolution of 6 × 10−14 m/√Hz. However, resolution up to 3 × 10−15 m/√Hz in the frequency band of 20–20 000 Hz is demonstrated. The linearity of the displacement sensor and the piezoelectric transducer are considered in detail and the resulting uncertainties associated with the Doppler modulation in the Mössbauer experiment are evaluated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441 - 449
Number of pages9
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

SQUIDs
sensors
Sensors
Experiments
Piezoelectric transducers
Pickups
Magnetic flux
interference
Permanent magnets
Frequency bands
piezoelectric transducers
Transducers
permanent magnets
Modulation
linearity
magnetic flux
Fluxes
transducers
coils
modulation

Cite this

Ikonen, Erkki ; Seppä, Heikki ; Potzel, Walter ; Schäfer, Christopher. / Displacement sensor for a gravitational redshift experiment with 67Zn Mössbauer resonance. In: Review of Scientific Instruments. 1991 ; Vol. 62, No. 2. pp. 441 - 449.
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abstract = "A displacement sensor was constructed to monitor the motion of a piezoelectric Doppler velocity transducer in a gravitational redshift experiment with 67Zn M{\"o}ssbauer resonance. The sensor uses a dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) to detect small displacements of a permanent magnet. To meet the stringent requirements of the redshift experiment, the magnetic flux gradient and the pickup coil of the sensor are designed in such a way that the SQUID flux noise of 7 × 10−6 Φ0/√Hz corresponds to a displacement resolution of 6 × 10−14 m/√Hz. However, resolution up to 3 × 10−15 m/√Hz in the frequency band of 20–20 000 Hz is demonstrated. The linearity of the displacement sensor and the piezoelectric transducer are considered in detail and the resulting uncertainties associated with the Doppler modulation in the M{\"o}ssbauer experiment are evaluated.",
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Displacement sensor for a gravitational redshift experiment with 67Zn Mössbauer resonance. / Ikonen, Erkki; Seppä, Heikki; Potzel, Walter; Schäfer, Christopher.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 62, No. 2, 1991, p. 441 - 449.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - A displacement sensor was constructed to monitor the motion of a piezoelectric Doppler velocity transducer in a gravitational redshift experiment with 67Zn Mössbauer resonance. The sensor uses a dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) to detect small displacements of a permanent magnet. To meet the stringent requirements of the redshift experiment, the magnetic flux gradient and the pickup coil of the sensor are designed in such a way that the SQUID flux noise of 7 × 10−6 Φ0/√Hz corresponds to a displacement resolution of 6 × 10−14 m/√Hz. However, resolution up to 3 × 10−15 m/√Hz in the frequency band of 20–20 000 Hz is demonstrated. The linearity of the displacement sensor and the piezoelectric transducer are considered in detail and the resulting uncertainties associated with the Doppler modulation in the Mössbauer experiment are evaluated.

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