Disposable photonic integrated circuits for evanescent wave sensors by ultra-high volume roll-to-roll method

Sanna Aikio (Corresponding Author), Jussi Hiltunen, Johanna Hiitola-Keinänen, Marianne Hiltunen, Ville Kontturi, Samuli Siitonen, Jarkko Puustinen, Pentti Karioja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Flexible photonic integrated circuit technology is an emerging field expanding the usage possibilities of photonics, particularly in sensor applications, by enabling the realization of conformable devices and introduction of new alternative production methods. Here, we demonstrate that disposable polymeric photonic integrated circuit devices can be produced in lengths of hundreds of meters by ultra-high volume roll-to-roll methods on a flexible carrier. Attenuation properties of hundreds of individual devices were measured confirming that waveguides with good and repeatable performance were fabricated. We also demonstrate the applicability of the devices for the evanescent wave sensing of ambient refractive index. The production of integrated photonic devices using ultrahigh volume fabrication, in a similar manner as paper is produced, may inherently expand methods of manufacturing low-cost disposable photonic integrated circuits for a wide range of sensor applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2527-2541
JournalOptics Express
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • electromagnetic wave reflection
  • flexible electronics
  • integrated circuits
  • optical waveguides
  • photonic devices
  • reconfigurable hardware
  • refractive index
  • transceivers

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