Dissecting virulence function from recognition: cell death suppression in Nicotiana benthamiana by XopQ/HopQ1-family effectors relies on EDS1-dependent immunity

Norman Adlung (Corresponding Author), Ulla Bonas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacteria express effector proteins of the XopQ/HopQ1 family which are translocated into plant cells via the type III secretion system during infection. In Nicotiana benthamiana, recognition of XopQ/HopQ1 proteins induces an effector-triggered immunity (ETI) reaction which is not associated with strong cell death but renders plants immune against Pseudomonas syringae and Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria strains. Additionally, XopQ suppresses cell death in N. benthamiana when transiently co-expressed with cell death inducers. Here, we show that representative XopQ/HopQ1 proteins are recognized similarly, likely by a single resistance protein of the TIR-NB-LRR class. Extensive analysis of XopQ derivatives indicates the recognition of structural features. We performed Agrobacterium-mediated protein expression experiments in wild-type and EDS1-deficient (eds1) N. benthamiana leaves, not recognizing XopQ/HopQ1. XopQ recognition limits multiplication of Agrobacterium and attenuates levels of transiently expressed proteins. Remarkably, XopQ fails to suppress cell death reactions induced by different effectors in eds1 plants. We conclude that XopQ-mediated cell death suppression in N. benthamiana is due to the attenuation of Agrobacterium-mediated protein expression rather than the cause of the genuine XopQ virulence activity. Thus, our study expands our understanding of XopQ recognition and function, and also challenges the commonly used co-expression assays for elucidation of in planta effector activities, at least under conditions of ETI induction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-442
JournalPlant Journal
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens
  • EDS1
  • ETI
  • HopQ1
  • Nicotiana benthamiana
  • non-host resistance
  • transient protein expression
  • Xanthomonas
  • XopQ
  • Immunity, Innate/genetics
  • Virulence/genetics
  • Tobacco/immunology
  • Bacterial Proteins/genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
  • Pseudomonas syringae/immunology
  • Xanthomonas/immunology
  • Plant Diseases/immunology

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