Distributed Spectrum and Power Allocation for D2D-U Networks: a Scheme Based on NN and Federated Learning

Rui Yin, Zhiqun Zou, Celimuge Wu (Corresponding Author), Jiantao Yuan, Xianfu Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a Device-to-Device communication on unlicensed bands (D2D-U) enabled network is studied. To improve the spectrum efficiency (SE) on the unlicensed bands and fit its distributed structure while ensuring the fairness among D2D-U links and the harmonious coexistence with WiFi networks, a distributed joint power and spectrum scheme is proposed. In particular, a parameter, named as price, is defined, which is updated at each D2D-U pair by a online trained Neural network (NN) according to the channel state and traffic load. In addition, the parameters used in the NN are updated by two ways, unsupervised self-iteration and federated learning, to guarantee the fairness and harmonious coexistence. Then, a non-convex optimization problem with respect to the spectrum and power is formulated and solved on each D2D-U link to maximize its own data rate. Numerical simulation results are demonstrated to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2000-2013
Number of pages14
JournalMobile Networks and Applications
Issue number5
Early online date12 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • D2D-U
  • Federated learning
  • Neural network
  • Price model
  • Resource allocation


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