Carbon transport and migration were studied experimentally and numerically in a high-density, low-confinement mode plasma in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. On the last day of plasma operation of the 2004–2005 experimental campaign, 13CH4 was injected into the vacuum vessel from the low field side midplane. A poloidal set of tiles was subsequently removed and analysed for 13C deposition. In this work the measured deposition profile is interpreted using the impurity transport code DIVIMP. The simulated poloidal distribution of 13C deviates significantly from the measured profile. The simulations indicate that 13C is promptly deposited at the wall in the vicinity of the injection port, and is transported to the low field side divertor plate predominately via the scrape-off layer. The B2-EIRENE plasma solution produce stagnant plasma flow in the main scrape-off layer, in contrast to measurements in ASDEX Upgrade and other tokamaks. This is the likely cause of the discrepancy between the measured and the calculated poloidal distribution of the 13C deposition. Key model parameters of DIVIMP were varied to determine their effect on the simulated deposition profile.
Xuereb, A., Groth, M., Krieger, K., Asunta, O., Kurki-Suonio, T., Likonen, J., Coster, D. P., & ASDEX Upgrade Team (2010). DIVIMP-B2-EIRENE modelling of 13C migration and deposition in ASDEX Upgrade L-mode plasmas. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 396(2-3), 228-233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2009.11.014