Does bio-oil derived from logging residues in Finland meet the European Union greenhouse gas performance criteria?

Reetta Sorsa, Sampo Soimakallio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The renewable energy directive (RED) of the EU sets mandatory targets for increasing the use of renewable energy in EU member states by 2020. The RED introduces sustainability criteria for transportation biofuels and other bioliquids in order to ensure that their increasing production does not cause serious environmental and social problems. Bio-oil production through fast pyrolysis is one technology under development. The aim of this paper is to explore whether bio-oil derived from logging residues in Finland meets the GHG performance criteria set by the EU. The pyrolysis reactor is assumed to be integrated with a combined heat and power production plant (CHP). Special attention is paid to uncertainty analysis. An emission reduction target of 60% as compared to the reference fuel is exceeded if the pyrolysis reactor and the CHP plant are considered as separate units, and changes in soil carbon balances are ignored. On the contrary, the particular target is not met using a 20-year time frame for changes in soil carbon balances. The results depend in large measure on the selection of parameters set and the interpretation of the definitions provided in the RED to set the system boundary for the pyrolysis reactor and the CHP plant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-266
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Greenhouse gases
pyrolysis
European Union
Pyrolysis
greenhouse gas
oil
carbon balance
soil carbon
energy
Soils
combined heat and power
Carbon
social problem
Uncertainty analysis
uncertainty analysis
Biofuels
biofuel
oil production
Sustainable development
sustainability

Keywords

  • Bio-oil
  • greenhouse gas emissions
  • renewable energy directive (RED)

Cite this

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title = "Does bio-oil derived from logging residues in Finland meet the European Union greenhouse gas performance criteria?",
abstract = "The renewable energy directive (RED) of the EU sets mandatory targets for increasing the use of renewable energy in EU member states by 2020. The RED introduces sustainability criteria for transportation biofuels and other bioliquids in order to ensure that their increasing production does not cause serious environmental and social problems. Bio-oil production through fast pyrolysis is one technology under development. The aim of this paper is to explore whether bio-oil derived from logging residues in Finland meets the GHG performance criteria set by the EU. The pyrolysis reactor is assumed to be integrated with a combined heat and power production plant (CHP). Special attention is paid to uncertainty analysis. An emission reduction target of 60{\%} as compared to the reference fuel is exceeded if the pyrolysis reactor and the CHP plant are considered as separate units, and changes in soil carbon balances are ignored. On the contrary, the particular target is not met using a 20-year time frame for changes in soil carbon balances. The results depend in large measure on the selection of parameters set and the interpretation of the definitions provided in the RED to set the system boundary for the pyrolysis reactor and the CHP plant.",
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language = "English",
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Does bio-oil derived from logging residues in Finland meet the European Union greenhouse gas performance criteria? / Sorsa, Reetta; Soimakallio, Sampo.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 53, 2013, p. 257-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does bio-oil derived from logging residues in Finland meet the European Union greenhouse gas performance criteria?

AU - Sorsa, Reetta

AU - Soimakallio, Sampo

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

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AB - The renewable energy directive (RED) of the EU sets mandatory targets for increasing the use of renewable energy in EU member states by 2020. The RED introduces sustainability criteria for transportation biofuels and other bioliquids in order to ensure that their increasing production does not cause serious environmental and social problems. Bio-oil production through fast pyrolysis is one technology under development. The aim of this paper is to explore whether bio-oil derived from logging residues in Finland meets the GHG performance criteria set by the EU. The pyrolysis reactor is assumed to be integrated with a combined heat and power production plant (CHP). Special attention is paid to uncertainty analysis. An emission reduction target of 60% as compared to the reference fuel is exceeded if the pyrolysis reactor and the CHP plant are considered as separate units, and changes in soil carbon balances are ignored. On the contrary, the particular target is not met using a 20-year time frame for changes in soil carbon balances. The results depend in large measure on the selection of parameters set and the interpretation of the definitions provided in the RED to set the system boundary for the pyrolysis reactor and the CHP plant.

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JO - Energy Policy

JF - Energy Policy

SN - 0301-4215

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