Drying of Pigment-Cellulose Nanofibril Substrates

Oleg Timofeev, Katariina Torvinen, Jenni Sievänen, Timo Kaljunen, Jarmo Kouko, Jukka Ketoja (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new substrate containing cellulose nanofibrils and inorganic pigment particles has been developed for printed electronics applications. The studied composite structure contains 80% fillers and is mechanically stable and flexible. Before drying, the solids content can be as low as 20% due to the high water binding capacity of the cellulose nanofibrils. We have studied several drying methods and their effects on the substrate properties. The aim is to achieve a tight, smooth surface keeping the drying efficiency simultaneously at a high level. The methods studied include: (1) drying on a hot metal surface; (2) air impingement drying; and (3) hot pressing. Somewhat surprisingly, drying rates measured for the pigment-cellulose nanofibril substrates were quite similar to those for the reference board sheets. Very high dewatering rates were observed for the hot pressing at high moisture contents. The drying method had significant effects on the final substrate properties, especially on short-range surface smoothness. The best smoothness was obtained with a combination of impingement and contact drying. The mechanical properties of the sheets were also affected by the drying method and associated temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6893-6907
JournalMaterials
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Pigments
Cellulose
Drying
Substrates
Hot pressing
Dewatering
Composite structures
Fillers
Coloring Agents
Electronic equipment
Moisture
Metals
Mechanical properties
Water
Air

Keywords

  • cellulose
  • nanofibrils
  • printed electronics
  • drying methods
  • substrates
  • inorganic pigments

Cite this

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title = "Drying of Pigment-Cellulose Nanofibril Substrates",
abstract = "A new substrate containing cellulose nanofibrils and inorganic pigment particles has been developed for printed electronics applications. The studied composite structure contains 80{\%} fillers and is mechanically stable and flexible. Before drying, the solids content can be as low as 20{\%} due to the high water binding capacity of the cellulose nanofibrils. We have studied several drying methods and their effects on the substrate properties. The aim is to achieve a tight, smooth surface keeping the drying efficiency simultaneously at a high level. The methods studied include: (1) drying on a hot metal surface; (2) air impingement drying; and (3) hot pressing. Somewhat surprisingly, drying rates measured for the pigment-cellulose nanofibril substrates were quite similar to those for the reference board sheets. Very high dewatering rates were observed for the hot pressing at high moisture contents. The drying method had significant effects on the final substrate properties, especially on short-range surface smoothness. The best smoothness was obtained with a combination of impingement and contact drying. The mechanical properties of the sheets were also affected by the drying method and associated temperature.",
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Drying of Pigment-Cellulose Nanofibril Substrates. / Timofeev, Oleg; Torvinen, Katariina; Sievänen, Jenni; Kaljunen, Timo; Kouko, Jarmo; Ketoja, Jukka (Corresponding Author).

In: Materials, Vol. 7, No. 10, 2014, p. 6893-6907.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drying of Pigment-Cellulose Nanofibril Substrates

AU - Timofeev, Oleg

AU - Torvinen, Katariina

AU - Sievänen, Jenni

AU - Kaljunen, Timo

AU - Kouko, Jarmo

AU - Ketoja, Jukka

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - A new substrate containing cellulose nanofibrils and inorganic pigment particles has been developed for printed electronics applications. The studied composite structure contains 80% fillers and is mechanically stable and flexible. Before drying, the solids content can be as low as 20% due to the high water binding capacity of the cellulose nanofibrils. We have studied several drying methods and their effects on the substrate properties. The aim is to achieve a tight, smooth surface keeping the drying efficiency simultaneously at a high level. The methods studied include: (1) drying on a hot metal surface; (2) air impingement drying; and (3) hot pressing. Somewhat surprisingly, drying rates measured for the pigment-cellulose nanofibril substrates were quite similar to those for the reference board sheets. Very high dewatering rates were observed for the hot pressing at high moisture contents. The drying method had significant effects on the final substrate properties, especially on short-range surface smoothness. The best smoothness was obtained with a combination of impingement and contact drying. The mechanical properties of the sheets were also affected by the drying method and associated temperature.

AB - A new substrate containing cellulose nanofibrils and inorganic pigment particles has been developed for printed electronics applications. The studied composite structure contains 80% fillers and is mechanically stable and flexible. Before drying, the solids content can be as low as 20% due to the high water binding capacity of the cellulose nanofibrils. We have studied several drying methods and their effects on the substrate properties. The aim is to achieve a tight, smooth surface keeping the drying efficiency simultaneously at a high level. The methods studied include: (1) drying on a hot metal surface; (2) air impingement drying; and (3) hot pressing. Somewhat surprisingly, drying rates measured for the pigment-cellulose nanofibril substrates were quite similar to those for the reference board sheets. Very high dewatering rates were observed for the hot pressing at high moisture contents. The drying method had significant effects on the final substrate properties, especially on short-range surface smoothness. The best smoothness was obtained with a combination of impingement and contact drying. The mechanical properties of the sheets were also affected by the drying method and associated temperature.

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KW - printed electronics

KW - drying methods

KW - substrates

KW - inorganic pigments

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