Drying of solid fuel particles in hot gases

Jaakko Saastamoinen, Risto Impola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Drying of solid fuel particles in hot gases ( 50–200c) is studied both theoretically and experimentally. The measurements are carried out by using a thermobalance reactor constructed for drying and pyrolysis studies of particles up to 30 mm by diameter. The model is based on the solution of the conservation equations for mass and energy. The drying is considered to consist of three successive periods: a short initial heating period, period of constant rate of drying and period of falling rate of drying. It is assumed that the particle moisture distribution is uniform during the constant rate of drying. Shrinking core model is assumed for the falling rate period. esides fuel particles, the model is applicable also for other solid particle drying processes. Model calculations are compared to measurements for wood chips. The model can predict the efFect of the main parameters reasonably well. These main parameters affecting the drying rate are: particle size, particle shape, initial particle moisture content, gas temperature and gas moisture content, emperature of the reactor walls and slip velocity. The irregular shape of practical fuel particles can approximately be simulated as one-dimensional case ( plate, cylinder, sphere) by using an equivalent volumc to surface area ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1305-1315
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number5 - 7
Publication statusPublished - 1995
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event9th International Drying Symposium, IDS'94 - Gold Coast, Australia
Duration: 1 Aug 19944 Aug 1994


  • solid fuels
  • fuels
  • drying
  • particles
  • models
  • wood


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