Dual-band radar estimation of stem volume in Boreal forest

Yrjö Rauste, Heikki Astola, Heikki Ahola, Tuomas Häme, Felicitas von Poncet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Forest stem volume information is needed in planning of sustainable forestry, mapping of exploitable forest resources, carbon balance studies and many other environmental applications. Radar sensors offer an efficient and weather-independent means for stem volume mapping. The radar dataset consisted of an ALOS/PALSAR dual-polarised scene from September 2008 and four TerraSAR-X spotlight scenes from February-March and July-August 2009. Ground data consisted of plot-wise data and stand-wise data. Regression models were developed with stand-wise training data where the stem volume varied between 0 and 390 m3/ha. The best 3-predictor model - 2 ALOS-PALSAR amplitudes and the phase difference between HH and VV data in a TerraSAR-X scene - produced an RMSE of 46 m3/ha (R2 = 0.7) when evaluated against stands not used in the model training. Stem volume estimation with plot-wise ground data produced lower estimation accuracies. The main reason was most likely mis-registration between the oppositelooking ALOS/PALSAR and TerraSAR-X scenes, which was caused by canopy height and which was not corrected by ortho-rectification with terrain elevation model. In future work, similar look directions should be used when no canopy surface model is available for orthorectification. A filtering approach was developed for using the stand-wise stem-volume model in areas with no forest stand information.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium, Bergen, Norway
Place of PublicationNoordwijk, The Neatherlands
PublisherEuropean Space Agency ESA
Editioncd-rom
ISBN (Print)978-92-9221-250-6
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 - Bergen, Norway
Duration: 28 Jun 20102 Jul 2010

Conference

ConferenceESA Living Planet Symposium 2010
CountryNorway
CityBergen
Period28/06/102/07/10

Fingerprint

boreal forest
stem
radar
PALSAR
ALOS
TerraSAR-X
canopy
sustainable forestry
carbon balance
forest resource
sensor
weather

Keywords

  • radar
  • forestry
  • biomass
  • TerraSAR-X
  • ALOS

Cite this

Rauste, Y., Astola, H., Ahola, H., Häme, T., & von Poncet, F. (2010). Dual-band radar estimation of stem volume in Boreal forest. In Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium, Bergen, Norway (cd-rom ed.). Noordwijk, The Neatherlands: European Space Agency ESA.
Rauste, Yrjö ; Astola, Heikki ; Ahola, Heikki ; Häme, Tuomas ; von Poncet, Felicitas. / Dual-band radar estimation of stem volume in Boreal forest. Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium, Bergen, Norway. cd-rom. ed. Noordwijk, The Neatherlands : European Space Agency ESA, 2010.
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title = "Dual-band radar estimation of stem volume in Boreal forest",
abstract = "Forest stem volume information is needed in planning of sustainable forestry, mapping of exploitable forest resources, carbon balance studies and many other environmental applications. Radar sensors offer an efficient and weather-independent means for stem volume mapping. The radar dataset consisted of an ALOS/PALSAR dual-polarised scene from September 2008 and four TerraSAR-X spotlight scenes from February-March and July-August 2009. Ground data consisted of plot-wise data and stand-wise data. Regression models were developed with stand-wise training data where the stem volume varied between 0 and 390 m3/ha. The best 3-predictor model - 2 ALOS-PALSAR amplitudes and the phase difference between HH and VV data in a TerraSAR-X scene - produced an RMSE of 46 m3/ha (R2 = 0.7) when evaluated against stands not used in the model training. Stem volume estimation with plot-wise ground data produced lower estimation accuracies. The main reason was most likely mis-registration between the oppositelooking ALOS/PALSAR and TerraSAR-X scenes, which was caused by canopy height and which was not corrected by ortho-rectification with terrain elevation model. In future work, similar look directions should be used when no canopy surface model is available for orthorectification. A filtering approach was developed for using the stand-wise stem-volume model in areas with no forest stand information.",
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Rauste, Y, Astola, H, Ahola, H, Häme, T & von Poncet, F 2010, Dual-band radar estimation of stem volume in Boreal forest. in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium, Bergen, Norway. cd-rom edn, European Space Agency ESA, Noordwijk, The Neatherlands, ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010, Bergen, Norway, 28/06/10.

Dual-band radar estimation of stem volume in Boreal forest. / Rauste, Yrjö; Astola, Heikki; Ahola, Heikki; Häme, Tuomas; von Poncet, Felicitas.

Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium, Bergen, Norway. cd-rom. ed. Noordwijk, The Neatherlands : European Space Agency ESA, 2010.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Dual-band radar estimation of stem volume in Boreal forest

AU - Rauste, Yrjö

AU - Astola, Heikki

AU - Ahola, Heikki

AU - Häme, Tuomas

AU - von Poncet, Felicitas

N1 - Project code: NewForest

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Forest stem volume information is needed in planning of sustainable forestry, mapping of exploitable forest resources, carbon balance studies and many other environmental applications. Radar sensors offer an efficient and weather-independent means for stem volume mapping. The radar dataset consisted of an ALOS/PALSAR dual-polarised scene from September 2008 and four TerraSAR-X spotlight scenes from February-March and July-August 2009. Ground data consisted of plot-wise data and stand-wise data. Regression models were developed with stand-wise training data where the stem volume varied between 0 and 390 m3/ha. The best 3-predictor model - 2 ALOS-PALSAR amplitudes and the phase difference between HH and VV data in a TerraSAR-X scene - produced an RMSE of 46 m3/ha (R2 = 0.7) when evaluated against stands not used in the model training. Stem volume estimation with plot-wise ground data produced lower estimation accuracies. The main reason was most likely mis-registration between the oppositelooking ALOS/PALSAR and TerraSAR-X scenes, which was caused by canopy height and which was not corrected by ortho-rectification with terrain elevation model. In future work, similar look directions should be used when no canopy surface model is available for orthorectification. A filtering approach was developed for using the stand-wise stem-volume model in areas with no forest stand information.

AB - Forest stem volume information is needed in planning of sustainable forestry, mapping of exploitable forest resources, carbon balance studies and many other environmental applications. Radar sensors offer an efficient and weather-independent means for stem volume mapping. The radar dataset consisted of an ALOS/PALSAR dual-polarised scene from September 2008 and four TerraSAR-X spotlight scenes from February-March and July-August 2009. Ground data consisted of plot-wise data and stand-wise data. Regression models were developed with stand-wise training data where the stem volume varied between 0 and 390 m3/ha. The best 3-predictor model - 2 ALOS-PALSAR amplitudes and the phase difference between HH and VV data in a TerraSAR-X scene - produced an RMSE of 46 m3/ha (R2 = 0.7) when evaluated against stands not used in the model training. Stem volume estimation with plot-wise ground data produced lower estimation accuracies. The main reason was most likely mis-registration between the oppositelooking ALOS/PALSAR and TerraSAR-X scenes, which was caused by canopy height and which was not corrected by ortho-rectification with terrain elevation model. In future work, similar look directions should be used when no canopy surface model is available for orthorectification. A filtering approach was developed for using the stand-wise stem-volume model in areas with no forest stand information.

KW - radar

KW - forestry

KW - biomass

KW - TerraSAR-X

KW - ALOS

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-92-9221-250-6

BT - Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium, Bergen, Norway

PB - European Space Agency ESA

CY - Noordwijk, The Neatherlands

ER -

Rauste Y, Astola H, Ahola H, Häme T, von Poncet F. Dual-band radar estimation of stem volume in Boreal forest. In Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium, Bergen, Norway. cd-rom ed. Noordwijk, The Neatherlands: European Space Agency ESA. 2010