Durability of Low-pH Injection Grout: A Literature Survey

Research output: Book/ReportReport


This publication provides an overview of the durability of injection grouts. It is intended for use during planning and construction at the ONKALO underground research facility. The review has been done with respect to the application conditions, materials and service life requirements expressed by Posiva Oy. The publication describes all types of cement-based material durability, with an emphasis on the key issues of shrinkage cracking, leaching and sulphate attack. The second part of the report provides information on how durability expectations have changed with the history of injection grout development. The report gives information specific to low-pH injection grouts containing high amounts of silica fume performance and how their durability is expected to differ from traditional normal cement-based mixtures. The final part of the report provides suggestions for future research needs for ensuring the service life of
injection grouts. The key finding from this study is that the low-pH grout material is not expected to have worse durability performance compared to the standard injection grout. Combining high amounts of silica fume with the cement to produce low-pH grout should result in a material having lower permeability and thus greater resistance to leaching and chemical attack. Further laboratory testing is needed to quantitatively verify these findings and to provide inputs for future service life modeling.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationOlkiluoto
Number of pages83
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesPosiva Working Report


  • grouting
  • grout
  • injection
  • low-pH
  • cement-based
  • silica fume
  • durability
  • tunneling


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