Durability studies of graphitized carbon nanofibers in PEMFC environment

Elina Yli-Rantala, Antti Pasanen, Pertti Kauranen, Sonja Auvinen, Magnus Thomassen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

Abstract

Vapor grown carbon fibers (VGCF) by Showa Denko are highly graphitized carbon nanofibers. VGCFs show superior thermal stability and corrosion resistance over traditional carbon black supports. The performance and durability of the synthesized catalysts have been evaluated and compared to carbon black supported catalyst. The test methods described here include automotive drive cycle testing in multi-single cell unit as well as accelerated in situ carbon degradation routine with CO2 monitoring from cathode exhaust gases. The Pt/VGCF catalyst shows significantly lower carbon corrosion than commercial carbon black supported Pt catalyst in simulated and actual start/stop cycling.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event2nd International Workshop on Degradation Issues of Fuel Cells - Thessaloniki, Greece
Duration: 21 Sep 201123 Sep 2011

Conference

Conference2nd International Workshop on Degradation Issues of Fuel Cells
CountryGreece
CityThessaloniki
Period21/09/1123/09/11

Fingerprint

Soot
Carbon nanofibers
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Durability
Catalyst supports
Carbon
Vapors
Catalysts
Exhaust gases
Corrosion resistance
Cathodes
Thermodynamic stability
Corrosion
Degradation
Monitoring
Testing
carbon fiber

Keywords

  • degradation
  • polymer electrolyte fuel cell
  • proton exchange membrane fuel cell
  • solid oxide fuel cell
  • molten carbonate fuel cell

Cite this

Yli-Rantala, E., Pasanen, A., Kauranen, P., Auvinen, S., & Thomassen, M. (2011). Durability studies of graphitized carbon nanofibers in PEMFC environment. Paper presented at 2nd International Workshop on Degradation Issues of Fuel Cells, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Yli-Rantala, Elina ; Pasanen, Antti ; Kauranen, Pertti ; Auvinen, Sonja ; Thomassen, Magnus. / Durability studies of graphitized carbon nanofibers in PEMFC environment. Paper presented at 2nd International Workshop on Degradation Issues of Fuel Cells, Thessaloniki, Greece.
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title = "Durability studies of graphitized carbon nanofibers in PEMFC environment",
abstract = "Vapor grown carbon fibers (VGCF) by Showa Denko are highly graphitized carbon nanofibers. VGCFs show superior thermal stability and corrosion resistance over traditional carbon black supports. The performance and durability of the synthesized catalysts have been evaluated and compared to carbon black supported catalyst. The test methods described here include automotive drive cycle testing in multi-single cell unit as well as accelerated in situ carbon degradation routine with CO2 monitoring from cathode exhaust gases. The Pt/VGCF catalyst shows significantly lower carbon corrosion than commercial carbon black supported Pt catalyst in simulated and actual start/stop cycling.",
keywords = "degradation, polymer electrolyte fuel cell, proton exchange membrane fuel cell, solid oxide fuel cell, molten carbonate fuel cell",
author = "Elina Yli-Rantala and Antti Pasanen and Pertti Kauranen and Sonja Auvinen and Magnus Thomassen",
note = "Project code: 20545; 2nd International Workshop on Degradation Issues of Fuel Cells ; Conference date: 21-09-2011 Through 23-09-2011",
year = "2011",
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Yli-Rantala, E, Pasanen, A, Kauranen, P, Auvinen, S & Thomassen, M 2011, 'Durability studies of graphitized carbon nanofibers in PEMFC environment' Paper presented at 2nd International Workshop on Degradation Issues of Fuel Cells, Thessaloniki, Greece, 21/09/11 - 23/09/11, .

Durability studies of graphitized carbon nanofibers in PEMFC environment. / Yli-Rantala, Elina; Pasanen, Antti; Kauranen, Pertti; Auvinen, Sonja; Thomassen, Magnus.

2011. Paper presented at 2nd International Workshop on Degradation Issues of Fuel Cells, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

TY - CONF

T1 - Durability studies of graphitized carbon nanofibers in PEMFC environment

AU - Yli-Rantala, Elina

AU - Pasanen, Antti

AU - Kauranen, Pertti

AU - Auvinen, Sonja

AU - Thomassen, Magnus

N1 - Project code: 20545

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Vapor grown carbon fibers (VGCF) by Showa Denko are highly graphitized carbon nanofibers. VGCFs show superior thermal stability and corrosion resistance over traditional carbon black supports. The performance and durability of the synthesized catalysts have been evaluated and compared to carbon black supported catalyst. The test methods described here include automotive drive cycle testing in multi-single cell unit as well as accelerated in situ carbon degradation routine with CO2 monitoring from cathode exhaust gases. The Pt/VGCF catalyst shows significantly lower carbon corrosion than commercial carbon black supported Pt catalyst in simulated and actual start/stop cycling.

AB - Vapor grown carbon fibers (VGCF) by Showa Denko are highly graphitized carbon nanofibers. VGCFs show superior thermal stability and corrosion resistance over traditional carbon black supports. The performance and durability of the synthesized catalysts have been evaluated and compared to carbon black supported catalyst. The test methods described here include automotive drive cycle testing in multi-single cell unit as well as accelerated in situ carbon degradation routine with CO2 monitoring from cathode exhaust gases. The Pt/VGCF catalyst shows significantly lower carbon corrosion than commercial carbon black supported Pt catalyst in simulated and actual start/stop cycling.

KW - degradation

KW - polymer electrolyte fuel cell

KW - proton exchange membrane fuel cell

KW - solid oxide fuel cell

KW - molten carbonate fuel cell

M3 - Conference article

ER -

Yli-Rantala E, Pasanen A, Kauranen P, Auvinen S, Thomassen M. Durability studies of graphitized carbon nanofibers in PEMFC environment. 2011. Paper presented at 2nd International Workshop on Degradation Issues of Fuel Cells, Thessaloniki, Greece.