Dynamic analysis of temporal moisture profiles in heatset printing studied with near-infrared spectroscopy

C.-M. Tåg, Maunu Toiviainen, Mikko Juuti, P.A.C. Gane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Dynamic analysis of the water transfer onto coated paper, and its permeation and absorption into the porous structure were studied online in a full-scale heatset web offset printing environment. The moisture content of the paper was investigated at five different positions during the printing process. Changes in the moisture content of the paper were studied as a function of the web temperature, printing speed and silicone application in the folding unit positioned after the hot air drying oven. Additionally, the influence of fountain solution composition on the pick-up by the paper was investigated. The water content of the fountain solution transferred to the paper from the printing units was observed as changes in near-infrared absorbance. A calibration data set enabled the subsequent quantification of the dynamic moisture content of the paper at the studied locations. An increase in the printing speed reduced the water transfer to the paper and an increase in web temperature resulted in a reduction in the moisture content. An increase in the dosage level of the water–silicone mixture was observed as a re-moistening effect of the paper. Differences in the drying strategy resulted in different moisture profiles depending on the type of fountain solution used. As a conclusion, the near-infrared signal provides an effective way to characterize the moisture dynamics online at different press units.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105602
Number of pages11
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • evaporation
  • moisture content
  • fountain solution transfer
  • heatset printing
  • water uptake


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