Dynamic calibration method for reactive gases

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    In this study an evaporation method is applied to dynamically generate reference gas mixtures with an accurately known concentration of reactive compounds. As a representative application, the method is used to generate several reference gas mixtures for oxidized mercury. The reliability of online monitoring of gases is dependent on the availability of accurate and metrologically traceable calibration standards. For reactive gases this is a challenge since these sticky gases easily adsorb to surfaces, which complicates and can even prevent the use of traditional static tools. In the evaporation method, a solution with well-known concentration is dosed using, e.g. an automatic syringe pump or a peristaltic pump, and mixed with the carrier gas flow. Mixing and evaporation are key parts of this process, along with temperatures and materials in different parts of the system and gas flow rate, which play an important role in the response time optimization. To estimate the applicability of this method we test its operation in the case of oxidized mercury by investigating the key operational parameters: calibrator response time and stability, possible non-linear behaviour of selected molecules, and also sensitivity to interference caused by other reactive gas compounds. We also compare its outcome to a traceable source for Hg0. Based on the achieved results the evaporation method technique is both a potential and feasible tool for the dynamic preparation of calibration gas mixtures for reactive components, in both laboratory and field conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages14
    JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
    Volume31
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    Event19th International Congress of Metrology CIM 2019 - Paris, France
    Duration: 24 Sep 201926 Sep 2019
    Conference number: 19

    Fingerprint

    Evaporation
    Calibration
    evaporation
    Gas mixtures
    Gas Mixture
    gas mixtures
    Gases
    gases
    Mercury
    gas flow
    Flow of gases
    Gas Flow
    Response Time
    Pump
    Pumps
    pumps
    syringes
    Syringes
    On-line Monitoring
    Nonlinear Stability

    Keywords

    • evaporation
    • traceability
    • reference gas
    • gas generator
    • gas flow
    • reactive
    • compounds
    • mercury

    Cite this

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    title = "Dynamic calibration method for reactive gases",
    abstract = "In this study an evaporation method is applied to dynamically generate reference gas mixtures with an accurately known concentration of reactive compounds. As a representative application, the method is used to generate several reference gas mixtures for oxidized mercury. The reliability of online monitoring of gases is dependent on the availability of accurate and metrologically traceable calibration standards. For reactive gases this is a challenge since these sticky gases easily adsorb to surfaces, which complicates and can even prevent the use of traditional static tools. In the evaporation method, a solution with well-known concentration is dosed using, e.g. an automatic syringe pump or a peristaltic pump, and mixed with the carrier gas flow. Mixing and evaporation are key parts of this process, along with temperatures and materials in different parts of the system and gas flow rate, which play an important role in the response time optimization. To estimate the applicability of this method we test its operation in the case of oxidized mercury by investigating the key operational parameters: calibrator response time and stability, possible non-linear behaviour of selected molecules, and also sensitivity to interference caused by other reactive gas compounds. We also compare its outcome to a traceable source for Hg0. Based on the achieved results the evaporation method technique is both a potential and feasible tool for the dynamic preparation of calibration gas mixtures for reactive components, in both laboratory and field conditions.",
    keywords = "evaporation, traceability, reference gas, gas generator, gas flow, reactive, compounds, mercury",
    author = "Sari Saxholm and Timo Rajam{\"a}ki and Jussi H{\"a}m{\"a}l{\"a}inen and Panu Hilden",
    year = "2019",
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    Dynamic calibration method for reactive gases. / Saxholm, Sari (Corresponding Author); Rajamäki, Timo; Hämäläinen, Jussi; Hilden, Panu.

    In: Measurement Science and Technology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 02.12.2019.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Rajamäki, Timo

    AU - Hämäläinen, Jussi

    AU - Hilden, Panu

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    Y1 - 2019/12/2

    N2 - In this study an evaporation method is applied to dynamically generate reference gas mixtures with an accurately known concentration of reactive compounds. As a representative application, the method is used to generate several reference gas mixtures for oxidized mercury. The reliability of online monitoring of gases is dependent on the availability of accurate and metrologically traceable calibration standards. For reactive gases this is a challenge since these sticky gases easily adsorb to surfaces, which complicates and can even prevent the use of traditional static tools. In the evaporation method, a solution with well-known concentration is dosed using, e.g. an automatic syringe pump or a peristaltic pump, and mixed with the carrier gas flow. Mixing and evaporation are key parts of this process, along with temperatures and materials in different parts of the system and gas flow rate, which play an important role in the response time optimization. To estimate the applicability of this method we test its operation in the case of oxidized mercury by investigating the key operational parameters: calibrator response time and stability, possible non-linear behaviour of selected molecules, and also sensitivity to interference caused by other reactive gas compounds. We also compare its outcome to a traceable source for Hg0. Based on the achieved results the evaporation method technique is both a potential and feasible tool for the dynamic preparation of calibration gas mixtures for reactive components, in both laboratory and field conditions.

    AB - In this study an evaporation method is applied to dynamically generate reference gas mixtures with an accurately known concentration of reactive compounds. As a representative application, the method is used to generate several reference gas mixtures for oxidized mercury. The reliability of online monitoring of gases is dependent on the availability of accurate and metrologically traceable calibration standards. For reactive gases this is a challenge since these sticky gases easily adsorb to surfaces, which complicates and can even prevent the use of traditional static tools. In the evaporation method, a solution with well-known concentration is dosed using, e.g. an automatic syringe pump or a peristaltic pump, and mixed with the carrier gas flow. Mixing and evaporation are key parts of this process, along with temperatures and materials in different parts of the system and gas flow rate, which play an important role in the response time optimization. To estimate the applicability of this method we test its operation in the case of oxidized mercury by investigating the key operational parameters: calibrator response time and stability, possible non-linear behaviour of selected molecules, and also sensitivity to interference caused by other reactive gas compounds. We also compare its outcome to a traceable source for Hg0. Based on the achieved results the evaporation method technique is both a potential and feasible tool for the dynamic preparation of calibration gas mixtures for reactive components, in both laboratory and field conditions.

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    KW - compounds

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