Dynamic HRA in outage from literature and outage personnel interview perspectives

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In 2021, the goal of the SAFIR2022 project NAPRA task T3.2 was to provide an overview of an outage of a nuclear power plant from the perspective of human reliability analysis (HRA). The general features of the outage as well as the specific matters related to human reliability and dynamism in the outage context were studied from literature and outage personnel interview perspectives.
The safety-critical nature of an outage is well recognized, and there is a wealth of literature on the specifics of outage and the challenges associated with the successful completion of work. HRA methods have mostly been developed for full power conditions where the operator’s actions are well trained and laid down in procedures, in time frames typically less than 60 minutes. In the planned shutdown the work concentrates outside the control room, is less in procedures and less trained and the time frames may be much longer. The environment is continuously changing, there are huge number of workers, large variety of work activities, tight schedule and the requirements are high concerning both safety and productivity. The key issues that should be considered in the HRA are errors of commission (EOCs), dependencies between human actions and the dynamism of the operating environment.
One practical objective of this report was to identify a scenario to focus on in further work related to dynamic modelling. Based on interviews, heavy loads were identified as critical but also mentally and physically loaded. They also include features identified safety critical in scientific literature. This scenario will be studied in more detail in 2022. Work analysis will be performed with special emphasis on applying a combination of methods to elicit the key dynamic features from the HRA perspective.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages36
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2022
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Research Report


  • human reliability analysis (HRA)
  • Nuclear power plant (NPP)
  • dynamic HRA
  • outage
  • shutdown


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