Dynamic ice contact load model for azimuthing thrusters

Aki Kinnunen (Corresponding Author), Maria Tikanmäki, Jaakko Heinonen, Pekka Koskinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    For ships operating in winter conditions, ice loads are important load scenarios for designing azimuthing main propulsion units. One such contact scenario is ice impacting into an azimuthing thruster. In this paper, the formulation of this type of load scenario is presented and existing calculation methods are investigated. A calculation method for dynamic contact load is proposed for ice impact against the main propulsion unit. The basic principle of the proposed load calculation method is an impact of moving bodies combined with dynamic reaction of the structure. The contact load determination is based on the contact pressure–area relationship between an ice block and a steel structure. The dynamic contact problem is solved with a forward difference method. The method is validated with a controlled laboratory-scale test and the test principle is introduced. The dynamic load model is applied to study the effect of dynamics on the response load level.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)890-898
    Number of pages9
    JournalShips and Offshore Structures
    Volume14
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2019
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Fingerprint

    Ice
    Propulsion
    Steel structures
    Dynamic loads
    Ships

    Keywords

    • azimuthing thruster
    • ice impact
    • ice load model
    • Ice–structure interaction
    • load scenario

    Cite this

    @article{40645119911848638c01c163f8d57592,
    title = "Dynamic ice contact load model for azimuthing thrusters",
    abstract = "For ships operating in winter conditions, ice loads are important load scenarios for designing azimuthing main propulsion units. One such contact scenario is ice impacting into an azimuthing thruster. In this paper, the formulation of this type of load scenario is presented and existing calculation methods are investigated. A calculation method for dynamic contact load is proposed for ice impact against the main propulsion unit. The basic principle of the proposed load calculation method is an impact of moving bodies combined with dynamic reaction of the structure. The contact load determination is based on the contact pressure–area relationship between an ice block and a steel structure. The dynamic contact problem is solved with a forward difference method. The method is validated with a controlled laboratory-scale test and the test principle is introduced. The dynamic load model is applied to study the effect of dynamics on the response load level.",
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    Dynamic ice contact load model for azimuthing thrusters. / Kinnunen, Aki (Corresponding Author); Tikanmäki, Maria; Heinonen, Jaakko; Koskinen, Pekka.

    In: Ships and Offshore Structures, Vol. 14, No. 8, 17.11.2019, p. 890-898.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Dynamic ice contact load model for azimuthing thrusters

    AU - Kinnunen, Aki

    AU - Tikanmäki, Maria

    AU - Heinonen, Jaakko

    AU - Koskinen, Pekka

    PY - 2019/11/17

    Y1 - 2019/11/17

    N2 - For ships operating in winter conditions, ice loads are important load scenarios for designing azimuthing main propulsion units. One such contact scenario is ice impacting into an azimuthing thruster. In this paper, the formulation of this type of load scenario is presented and existing calculation methods are investigated. A calculation method for dynamic contact load is proposed for ice impact against the main propulsion unit. The basic principle of the proposed load calculation method is an impact of moving bodies combined with dynamic reaction of the structure. The contact load determination is based on the contact pressure–area relationship between an ice block and a steel structure. The dynamic contact problem is solved with a forward difference method. The method is validated with a controlled laboratory-scale test and the test principle is introduced. The dynamic load model is applied to study the effect of dynamics on the response load level.

    AB - For ships operating in winter conditions, ice loads are important load scenarios for designing azimuthing main propulsion units. One such contact scenario is ice impacting into an azimuthing thruster. In this paper, the formulation of this type of load scenario is presented and existing calculation methods are investigated. A calculation method for dynamic contact load is proposed for ice impact against the main propulsion unit. The basic principle of the proposed load calculation method is an impact of moving bodies combined with dynamic reaction of the structure. The contact load determination is based on the contact pressure–area relationship between an ice block and a steel structure. The dynamic contact problem is solved with a forward difference method. The method is validated with a controlled laboratory-scale test and the test principle is introduced. The dynamic load model is applied to study the effect of dynamics on the response load level.

    KW - azimuthing thruster

    KW - ice impact

    KW - ice load model

    KW - Ice–structure interaction

    KW - load scenario

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