Dynamic Load Cycle Effects on PEMFC Stack CO Tolerance under Fuel Recirculation and Periodic Purge

Pauli Koski (Corresponding Author), Jaana Viitakangas, Jari Ihonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


This work presents first experimental evidence on the effects of dynamic load cycle on PEM fuel cell system CO tolerance, a topic which to date has not been comprehensively investigated. The experiments were performed with a 1 kW fuel cell system employing components, design, and operation conditions corresponding to automotive applications. To distinguish between the load cycle and other factors affecting the CO tolerance, the experiments were repeated with static and dynamic load cycles, as well as with pure and CO contaminated fuel. The measurement data showed that dynamic load cycle improves the CO tolerance in comparison to static load with the same average current density. Moreover, the cell voltage deviation data indicated that the difference could be explained by higher electrochemical CO oxidation rate under the dynamic load cycle. These results allow us to estimate the effect of the load cycle on CO tolerance and understand its origins, thus giving valuable input for fuel quality standardization and fuel cell system development work.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014507
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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